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Table 3 Patient characteristics according to the survival status

From: Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) reliably stratifies octogenarians in German ICUs: a multicentre prospective cohort study

30 day survival status Survivors Nonsurvivors p value
Number of admissions 185 (68.8%) 84 (31.2%)  
Age 83 [81–86] 85 [81–88] 0.06
Male 85 (45.9%) 47 (56%) 0.13
APACHE II 17 [12–23] 25 [18–32] < 0.001
SAPS II 37 [29–50] 48 [39–61] 0.001
SOFA Score 6 [3–9] 8 [5–11] < 0.001
Frailty status
 Fit (CFS 1–3) 52 (28.1%) 12 (14.3%) 0.014
 Pre-frail (CFS 4) 50 (27%) 11 (13%) 0.011
 Frail (CFS 5–9) 83 (44.9%) 61 (72.6%) < 0.001
Cause of admission
 Acute medical 85 (45.9%) 61 (72.6%) < 0.001
 Acute surgery 6 (3.2%) 6 (7.1%) 0.15
 Trauma 16 (8.6%) 10 (11.9%) 0.4
 Elective surgery 78 (42.2%) 7 (8.3%) < 0.001
ICU length of stay (days) 2.7 [1–8] 5.2 [2.2–9.8] 0.012
Use of life sustaining treatments
 Non-invasive Ventilation 69 (37.3%) 28 (33.3%) 0.53
 Mechanical ventilation 74 (40%) 58 (69%) < 0.001
 Vasoactive drugs 107 (57.8%) 66 (78.6%) 0.001
 Renal replacement therapy 31 (16.8%) 27 (32.1%) 0.004
Treatment withheld 8 (4.3%) 32 (38.1%) < 0.001
Treatment withdrawn 1 (0.5%) 34 (40.5%) < 0.001
ICU mortality 0 (0%) 53 (63.1%) < 0.001