Skip to main content

Table 3 Zero-inflated ordered probit regression estimates of pain Among Older Adults in Yichang, China

From: Pain perception of older adults in nursing home and home care settings: evidence from China

  Zero-inflated ordered probit regression (unmatched) Propensity score adjusted regression (matched)
  Coef. Std. Err. P > z Coef. Std. Err. P > z
Nursing home 0.088 0.196 0.655 0.489 0.169 0.004
Age 0.002 0.012 0.833 0.000 0.010 0.992
Male −0.403 0.165 0.015 −0.538 0.138 0.000
Marital status
 (ref. not married)
  Married with spouse present −0.826 0.418 0.048 0.227 0.286 0.428
  Widowed −0.634 0.433 0.143 0.038 0.275 0.891
Education attainment  
 (ref. no education)
  Primary school −0.489 0.235 0.038 0.001 0.176 0.997
  Secondary school −0.186 0.218 0.393 −0.110 0.173 0.524
  High school and above −0.569 0.302 0.060 −0.393 0.264 0.137
Primary caregiver
 (ref. None)
  Spouse 0.836 0.308 0.007 0.086 0.207 0.677
  Children 0.831 0.305 0.006 0.119 0.215 0.580
Have insurance −0.105 0.321 0.744 −0.181 0.234 0.438
Monthly income
 (ref. less than 4000 RMB)
  4000+ RMB −0.310 0.186 0.096 −0.087 0.145 0.549
No. of behavioral problems −0.941 0.467 0.044 −0.314 0.369 0.394
Depression score 0.066 0.024 0.007 0.042 0.020 0.035
Mobility
 (ref. independent)
  Walks with assistance −0.185 0.184 0.316 0.073 0.153 0.631
  Wheelchair-dependent 0.782 0.315 0.013 −0.067 0.240 0.779
  Bedbound   
Toileting
 (ref. Independent)
  Some supervision 0.334 0.356 0.348 0.140 0.303 0.644
  Complete supervision 1.201 0.656 0.067 0.568 1.118 0.611
  Some assistance 0.674 0.585 0.249 0.150 0.419 0.720
  Complete assistance 0.321 0.504 0.524 0.197 0.424 0.642
  Most assistance 1.251 0.634 0.049 0.353 0.736 0.631
  Dependent 0.195 0.370 0.598 0.207 0.290 0.475
Have dementia 0.034 0.265 0.897 0.023 0.217 0.917
No. of chronic disease 1.231 0.579 0.033 2.438 0.520 0.000
Have at least one ulcer 1.791 0.808 0.027 0.864 0.471 0.067
Had inpatient service in last 90 days 0.288 0.220 0.190 0.098 0.180 0.586
Constant −0.088 0.928 0.924 −0.713 0.807 0.377
cut1 −0.864 1.881   −2.008 9.759  
cut2 3.240 1.760   2.589 1.234  
AIC 1246.717    941.125   
BIC 1471.536    1165.944   
N 484    484