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Table 2 Overview of (sub-) categories per type of focus group

From: Barriers and facilitators to the access to and use of formal dementia care: findings of a focus group study with people with dementia, informal carers and health and social care professionals in eight European countries

Categories and subcategories
  People with dementia Informal carers Health and Social Care Professionals
1) Aspects related to the individuals involved 1.1 Characteristics and situation of the informal carers  
Attitude and beliefs towards formal care Being proactive
Mutual help between informal carers
Attitude and beliefs towards formal care and dementia
Personal motives, need factors & trigger situations
Knowledge/information
Attitude and beliefs towards formal care and dementia
Emotions of the informal carer
Personal motives & crisis as a trigger
Financial resources
1.2 Characteristics and situation of the people with dementia  
Attitude and beliefs towards formal care
  ο perceiving formal care as a threat to independence
Attitude and beliefs towards dementia/dealing with the disease
Being involved in decision making
Knowledge, information and experiences
Accepting the diagnosis & adaptation process
Being proactive/initiative of others
Personal motives to use formal care
Financial resources
Attitude and beliefs towards formal care and dementia Attitude and beliefs towards formal care towards dementia
Emotions
1.3 Expectations of healthcare professionals and formal care  
Lack of or uncertain expectations Lack of or uncertain expectations
Joint decisions and shared responsibilities
Sufficient information
Need-tailored support
Firm diagnosis & reliable information
Emotional support
Understanding care needs
1.4 Experiences with the uptake of formal care  
(Dis-)Satisfaction (Dis-)Satisfaction
Experiences towards the right moment of using formal care
(Dis-)Satisfaction
1.5 Family structures and social environment  
1.6 Characteristics & strategies of the health and social care professionals  
Attitude towards dementia, people with dementia and towards informal carers
Relationship with health and social care professionals
Attitude towards dementia, people with dementia and towards informal carers
Competencies (knowledge and social competences)
Trial visit
Attitude towards dementia, people with dementia and towards informal carers
Competencies (knowledge and social competences)
Strategies of the health and social care professionals
2) Aspects related to the (health and social care) system 2.1 Availability of services  
Lack of services
Staff deficits and insufficient financing
Lack of services
External barriers in utilisation (limited resources, insufficient financing, non-transparent structures)
Lack of services (also regionally)
Staff deficits and insufficient financing
Time constraints
2.2 Features of the services  
Need-tailored services
Key contact person
Need-tailored services
Key contact person
Cost factor
Need-tailored services
2.3 Complexity of the system  
Complex regulations
Disjointed nature of the system
Complex regulations
Disjointed nature of the system
Complex regulations
Disjointed nature of the system
Variability of the system/unclear roles
2.4 Continuity
Key contact point/key contact person Key contact point/key contact person Key contact point/key contact person
2.5 Networking & collaboration
2.6 Role of the general practitioner (GP)
3) Over-arching aspects 3.1 Information
3.2 Public awareness
  3.3 Early contact