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Table 1 Characteristics of geriatric outpatients

From: Knee extension strength measurements should be considered as part of the comprehensive geriatric assessment

  N Total (n = 163)
Age, years 163 81.7 (7.2)
Males, n (%) 163 64 (39.3)
Height, m 159 1.67 (0.10)
Fat mass, % 111 32.5 (9.3)
Lean mass, % 111 63.5 (8.8)
ALM, % 111 28.0 (4.6)
Physical
 Fall in previous 12 months, n (%) 163 114 (69.9)
 SPPB score, median [IQR] 158 7 [5–10]
 TUG, seconds, median [IQR] 146 16.0 [12.2–21.5]
 ADL score, median [IQR] 132 0 [0–0]
Nutritional
 SNAQ score, median [IQR] 154 0 [0–1]
 BMI, kg/m2 155 25.8 (4.6)
Social
 Care support, n (%) 155 97 (62.6)
 Dependent livinga, n (%) 160 22 (13.8)
Psychological
 HADS depression score, median [IQR] 111 5 [3–9]
 HADS anxiety score, median [IQR] 111 6 [4–9]
Diseases
 Multimorbidityb, n (%) 157 60 (38.2)
 Polypharmacyc, n (%) 159 98 (61.6)
  N Total (n = 163)
Cognitive
 MMSE score, median [IQR] 163 27 [24–29]
 MoCA score, median [IQR] 132 23 [19–25]
Behavioural
 Alcohol use, units/week 160 0 [0–7]
 Current smoking, n (%) 136 21 (15.4)
Muscle strength
 Handgrip strength, kg 163  
  Male   33.0 (5.5)
  Female   21.5 (4.9)
 Knee extension strength, Nm 163  
  Male   111.2 (42.5)
  Female   61.6 (21.7)
  1. All values are presented as mean (SD) unless indicated otherwise
  2. ALM appendicular lean mass, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, IQR Interquartile range, TUG Timed Up & Go, ADL Activities of daily living, SNAQ Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire, BMI body mass index, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  3. aDefined as living in residential care or assisted living
  4. bDefined as ≥ 2 diseases
  5. cDefined as ≥ 5 medication