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Table 4 Change from Baseline to Follow-up in Caregiver and Person with Dementia Measures

From: Effect of the WeCareAdvisor™ on family caregiver outcomes in dementia: a pilot randomized controlled trial

  Change from Baseline to Month 1 (value at month 1- value at baseline) Change from Month 1 to Month 2 (value at month 2- value at month 1)
  WeCare (n=26a) Waitlist (N = 30) Test for group difference in change (WeCare-Waitlist) Waitlist (N=29b)
Caregiver Mean Change± S.D. t-value p-value Mean Change ± S.D. t-value p-value t-value p_value Mean Change ± S.D. t-value p-value
Confidence in Using Activities (5 items; 0–50)d 1.00 ± 11.44 0.45 0.660 −6.40 ± 10.30 −3.40 0.002 2.55 0.014 4.38 ± 5.17 4.56 <.0001
Caregiver Distress (14 items; 0–70)d − 6.08 ± 6.31 −4.82 <.0001 −1.80 ± 6.36 −1.55 0.132 − 2.49 0.016 −3.72 ± 7.53 − 2.66 0.013
Caregiver Stress (1–5)d 0.12 ± 1.66 0.36 0.726 0.17 ± 0.99 0.93 0.362 −0.14 0.891 −0.41 ± 1.02 − 2.19 0.037
CES-D for Depression (20 items; 0–60)d − 2.08 ± 5.87 −1.77 0.089 − 0.47 ± 7.13 − 0.36 0.723 −0.90 0.370 −0.55 ± 8.63 −0.34 0.733
Burden (12 items; 12–60)d − 1.72 ± 6.91 −1.25 0.225 1.30 ± 6.38 1.12 0.274 −1.68 0.098 − 2.76 ± 7.26 −2.05 0.050
Negative Communication (6 items; 6–30)d − 1.04 ± 3.56 −1.46 0.158 0.77 ± 3.62 1.16 0.255 −1.86 0.069 −1.48 ± 2.96 −2.70 0.012
Relationship Closeness (6 items; 6–24)d 0.36 ± 2.33 0.77 0.446 −0.37 ± 4.31 − 0.47 0.645 0.79 0.431 1.07 ± 3.30 1.72 0.097
Person with Dementia
No. of Behaviorse (0–14) −1.62 ± 1.77 − 4.66 <.0001 −0.93 ± 2.15 −2.38 0.024 −1.28 0.204 −0.38 ± 1.82 − 1.12 0.272
Behavior Frequency (14 items; 0–56)f − 3.60 ± 5.05 −3.56 0.002 −1.90 ± 5.63 −1.85 0.075 −1.17 0.248 −1.86 ± 4.58 − 2.19 0.037
Behavior Severity (14 items; 0–42)f − 3.24 ± 3.87 −4.19 0.0003 − 1.47 ± 4.04 −1.99 0.056 −1.65 0.104 −1.45 ± 4.50 −1.73 0.094
NPI Scoref (frequency x severity) −6.80 ± 10.73 −3.17 0.004 −3.20 ± 10.67 −1.64 0.111 −1.24 0.220 −5.00 ± 14.34 − 1.88 0.071
  1. aOne subject dropped in Month-1 follow-up
  2. bOne subject dropped in Month-2 follow-up
  3. cCan range 0–50; 5 items, each 0–10. Higher scores correspond to greater confidence
  4. dHigher scores correspond to greater distress, stress, symptoms, burden, negative communication, or closeness,respectively
  5. eNumber of presence of 14 NPI symptoms
  6. fHigher scores correspond to greater frequency, severity, or score, respectively