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Table 4 GEE# Analysis – Changes in Outcome Measures+ at Post-intervention Compared Against Baseline between Groups

From: Does life story work improve psychosocial well-being for older adults in the community? A quasi-experimental study

  LIS-A RSES GHQ
Beta SE 95% CI Beta SE 95% CI Beta SE 95% CI
Time sequence
 T2 vs T0 −0.051 0.116 [−0.279, 0.178] 0.050 0.112 [− 0.168, 0.269] 0.012 0.090 [− 0.164, 0.189]
 T1 vs T0 −0.018 0.100 [−0.213, 0.177] 0.031 0.111 [−0.187, 0.250] −0.147 0.090 [−0.324, 0.031]
Group
 G1 vs G2 0.136 0.076 [−0.012,0.285] 0.252** 0.075 [0.1044, 0.399] −0.200* 0.088 [−0.373, − 0.028]
Group in time sequence (G1 vs G2)
 T2 vs T0 0.140 0.127 [−0.109,0.389] 0.053 0.118 [−0.177, 0.284] −0.072 0.107 [−0.282, 0.137]
 T1 vs T0 0.043 0.109 [−0.170, 0.256] − 0.030 0.119 [− 0.263, 0.204] 0.244* 0.110 [0.028, 0.461]
Gender (Female = 1, Male = 0) −0.095* 0.042 [−0.177,-0.013] − 0.007 0.045 [− 0.095, 0.081] 0.079 0.055 [−0.028, 0.186]
Income (Yes = 1, No = 0) −0.022 0.044 [−0.109,0.064] − 0.065 0.040 [− 0.143, 0.014] −0.042 0.048 [−0.136, 0.053]
Religion (Yes = 1, No = 0) 0.101* 0.044 [0.015,0.186] 0.076 0.042 [−0.007, 0.158] −0.029 0.053 [−0.133, 0.076]
Age −0.003 0.003 [0.009, 0.002] −0.007* 0.003 [−0.012, − 0.001] 0.005* 0.003 [0.0002, 0.011]
BI 0.128** 0.034 [0.061, 0.195] 0.097** 0.031 [0.0359, 0.158] −0.057* 0.025 [−0.107, − 0.007]
  1. # GEE used to test difference between groups on mean change between baseline and follow up adjusting for age, gender, income, religion and Barthel Index
  2. + Logarithm transformation was taken for outcome variables in the analysis
  3. G1: Participants without depressive symptoms; G2: Participants with depressive symptoms
  4. SE standard error, LIS-A life satisfaction scale, RSES Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, GHQ general health questionnaire-30, BI Barthel Index
  5. *p < 0.05; ** p < 0.00