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Table 2 Sample characteristics at baseline

From: Does life story work improve psychosocial well-being for older adults in the community? A quasi-experimental study

  Overall G1 (n = 39) G2 (n = 18) p
(n = 57)   
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age (M, SD) 74.56, 8.09 74.36, 7.70 75.00, 9.10 0.829a
Gender
 Male 8 (14.0) 7 (17.9) 1 (5.6) 0.414c
 Female 49 (86.0) 32 (82.1) 17 (94.4)  
Marital status
 Single 32 (56.1) 21 (53.8) 11 (61.1) 0.607b
 Married 25 (43.9) 18 (46.2) 7 (38.9)  
Dwelling status
 Live alone 18 (31.6) 13 (33.3) 5 (27.8) 0.675b
 Live with relatives 39 (68.4) 26 (66.7) 13 (72.2)  
Education level
 No education 20 (36.4) 10 (26.3) 10 (58.8) 0.068c
 Primary 21 (38.2) 17 (44.7) 4 (23.5)  
 Secondary or above 14 (25.5) 11 (28.9) 3 (17.6)  
Religion
 None 20 (37.0) 11 (30.6) 9 (50.0) 0.159c
 Christianity & Catholicism 10 (18.5) 9 (25.0) 1 (5.6)  
 Oriental religions 24 (44.4) 16 (44.4) 8 (44.4)  
Employment status
 Not work before 25 (43.9) 13 (33.3) 12 (66.7) 0.110c
 Blue collar 14 (24.6) 12 (30.8) 2 (11.1)  
 White collar 8 (14.0) 7 (17.9) 1 (5.6)  
 Others 10 (17.5) 7 (17.9) 3 (16.7)  
Income
 Without 26 (46.4) 15 (39.5) 11 (61.1) 0.129b
 With 30 (53.6) 23 (60.5) 7 (38.9)  
Fear for financial difficulty
 No 51 (89.5) 37 (94.9) 14 (77.8) 0.072c
 Yes 6 (10.5) 2 (5.1) 4 (22.2)  
IADL with difficulty
 No 45 (78.9) 33 (84.6) 12 (66.7) 0.165c
 Yes 12(21.1) 6 (15.4) 6 (33.3)  
Number of medical diagnosis (M, SD) 1.44, 1.337 0.92, 0.929 2.56, 1.439 0.005a
Leisure activities+
 Exercise (Yes/No) 50 (87.7) 35 (89.7) 15 (83.3) 0.241d
 Travel 34 (59.6) 25 (64.1) 9 (50.0)  
 Voluntary work 39 (68.4) 31 (79.5) 8 (44.4)  
 Watch TV 50 (87.7) 35 (89.7) 15 (83.3)  
Sleeping problem
 None 37 (64.9) 30 (76.9) 7 (38.9) 0.014c*
 1–4/week 15 (26.3) 7 (17.9) 8 (44.4)  
  > 4/week 5 (8.8) 2 (5.1) 3 (16.7)  
Satisfaction about general support
 Unsatisfied 3 (5.3) 0 (.0) 3 (16.7) 0.009c*
 Neutral 16 (28.1) 9 (23.1) 7 (38.9)  
 Satisfied 38 (66.7) 30 (76.9) 8 (44.4)  
GDS (M, SD) 3.23, 2.236 1.95, 1.372 6.00, 0.840 0.000a**
BI (M, SD) 19.74, 0.835 19.92, 0.27 19.33, 1.372 0.033a*
LIS-A (M, SD) 12.10, 3.132 12.92, 2.667 10.31, 3.385 0.005a*
RSES (M, SD) 7.25, 2.029 7.97, 1.460 5.67, 2.223 0.000a**
GHQ (M, SD) 22.31, 7.629 20.32, 6.298 26.61, 8.624 0.005a*
  1. G1: Participants without depressive symptoms; G2: Participants with depressive symptoms
  2. IADL instrumental activities of daily living, GDS geriatric depression scale, LIS-A life satisfaction scale, RSES Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, GHQ general health questionnaire-30, BI Barthel Index
  3. +Allow to choose more than one option
  4. *p < 0.05;**p < 0.005
  5. aMann Whitney U Test
  6. bChi-Square Test
  7. cFisher Exact Test
  8. dFirst-order Rao-Scott Corrected Chi-square