Skip to main content

Table 2 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: A systematic review of non-pharmacological interventions to improve nighttime sleep among residents of long-term care settings

Inclusion Exclusion
English-language articles Articles with only partial content in English
Intervention studies published in peer-reviewed journals Dissertations, presentation/poster abstracts, brief reports in letters to the editors, editorials/commentaries, literature reviews, or meta-analyses
Non-pharmacological interventions, including food supplements and melatonin, conducted within or outside the United States Pharmacological interventions, models of care (e.g., palliative care team), or respiratory interventions
Experimental or quasi-experimental design Single case studies or cross-sectional design
Adult participants, including those with dementia Participants being treated for a medical sleep disorder or those with a psychiatric disorder such as depression, schizophrenia, or addiction disorder
Any setting, including hospitals, long-term care settings (nursing homes, assisted-living facilities, or group homes), in-patient hospice or other institutional settings, or simulated hospital environments Community settings including those involving interventions from home caregivers, outpatient clinics, dialysis centers, or adult foster homes, as well as psychiatric in-patient facilities
Nighttime sleep as a subjective (self-reported) or objective outcome (primary or secondary) Sleep not measured with tool