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Table 1 Care recipients’ background characteristics and outcome measure scores at baseline

From: Effects of a caregiver-inclusive assistive technology intervention: a randomized controlled trial

  Experimental Group
(N = 44)
mean ± SD or N (%)
Comparison Group
(N = 46)
mean ± SD or N (%)
P
Recipients’ background characteristics (range)
 Age (Yrs) 74.5 ± 10.4 75.4 ± 10.7 .688
 Sex (Female) 25 (56.8) 24 (52.2) .678
 Ethnic origin (Canadian) 27 (61.4) 31 (67.4) .661
 Language of use (English) 36 (81.8) 39 (84.8) .782
 Years of education 13.3 ± 3.6 12.8 ± 4.2 .518
 Marital status    .761
  Married/common-law 30 (68.2) 36 (78.2)  
  Unmarried/separated/divorced/widowed 14 (31.8) 10 (21.7)  
 Primary diagnoses    .963
  Osteoarthritis 15 (34.1) 17 (37.0)  
  Cardiorespiratory 3 (6.8) 3 (6.5)  
  Neurological 18 (40.9) 16 (34.8)  
  Other 8 (18.2) 10 (21.7)  
 Duration of functional problems (Yrs) 6.3 ± 8.2 4.3 ± 7.3 .100
 Paid caregiving services (Yes) 19 (42.2) 11 (23.9) .048
 Months receiving paid care 30.6 ± 50.0 12.3 ± 27.3 .128
 Hours/week paid care received 2.1 ± 2.4 3.0 ± 4.8 .794
 MoCA (0-30) 23.0 ± 4.7 23.1 ± 4.7 .979
 Primary outcome    
  SMAF ADL & mobility sub-scales total (−39 - 0) −8.8 ± 4.8 − 8.1 ± 4.4 .464
 Secondary outcomes    
  SMAF IADL sub-scale (−24 - 0) −11.6 ± 4.0 −12.2 ± 4.4 .503
  SR-FIMU (13-91) 74.4 ± 14.2 75.2 ± 12.6 .786
  SR-FIMCG (13-91) 71.3 ± 12.8 72.0 ± 12.6 .787
  RNLI (0-110) 75.1 ± 20.3 67.6 ± 18.5 .066
  1. Abbreviations: ADL activity of daily living, IADL instrumental activity of daily living, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, RNLI Reintegration to Normal Living Index, SMAF Functional Autonomy Measurement System, SR-FIM U/CG self-report Functional Independence Measure (user, caregiver)