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Table 2 Number of Symptoms per Patient (N = 200)

From: A comparison of symptoms in older hospitalised cancer and non-cancer patients in need of palliative care: a secondary analysis of two cross-sectional studies

  Total sample (N = 200) Cancer patients (N = 100) Non-cancer patients (N = 100) t df p-value
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
All symptomsa 17.28 (5.05) 16.32 (4.80) 18.23 (5.13) 2.72 198 0.007
Physical symptomsa 9.14 (3.22) 8.58 (3.05) 9.70 (3.30) 2.49 198 0.013
Psychological symptomsa 3.70 (2.48) 3.73 (2.47) 3.66 (2.44) −0.20 198 0.840
Functional dependenceb 169 (84.5) 79 (79.0) 90 (90.0) 4.62 1 0.032
  1. aThe maximal number of symptoms was 40. The maximal number of physical symptoms was 24. The maximal number of psychological symptoms was 10. bFunctional dependence defined as experiencing difficulties on at least one functional item (self-care, moving inside, and moving outside) was a dichotomous variable. Therefore numbers with percentages instead of means with SD are reported. The difference between groups was assessed using the Chi-square test