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Table 6 Descriptive Statistics and Associations of DEAP Functionality and Homelikeness Scales with other Measures

From: Construct validity of the Dining Environment Audit Protocol: a secondary data analysis of the Making Most of Mealtimes (M3) study

  Functionality Homelikeness
Variable Mean(SD) {Tertile Range} Spearman Correlation P-Value Spearman Correlation P-Value
Homelikeness Scale (n = 82) 4.51(1.41) {1,5,7} 0.26 0.02*   
Functionality Scale (n = 82) 5.29(1.15) {2,5,7}    0.26 0.02*
DEAP Total Score 33.12(4.50) {24, 33, 45} 0.56 <0.0001* 0.53 <0.0001*
Dining Room Level M-RCC positive:negative ratio (n = 82) 1.76(0.64) {0.99, 1.54, 4.43} 0.25 0.02* 0.20 0.07
MTS Person-Centred Summary Scale (n = 82) 5.47(0.77) {2.25, 5.5, 7.5} 0.14 0.22 0.20 0.07
MTS Physical Summary Scale (n = 82) 5.57(0.86) {2.75, 5.75, 7.5} 0.52 <0.0001* 0.18 0.10
MTS Social Summary Scale (n = 82) 5.03(0.9) {2.25, 5.17, 7.25} 0.12 0.27 0.11 0.32
Staff PDC Percentage Score (n = 461) 61.54 (5.49) {51.01, 61.7, 71.75} 0.10 0.35 0.49 <0.0001*
DRS (n = 634) 2.32(2.92) {0, 1, 14} 0.02 0.84 −0.09 0.44
Resident Energy Intake (kcal/kg bw) (n = 628) 24.55 (7.94) {1.87, 23.68, 90.07} 0.02 0.88 −0.26 0.02*
Resident Protein Intake (protein g/kg bw)(n = 628) 0.91(0.35) {0.10, 0.86, 3.90} −0.05 0.65 −0.24 0.03*
MNA-SF (n = 638) 10.63 (2.53) {0, 11, 14} 0.26 0.02* 0.13 0.24
CPS Score (n = 634) Mean Function-ality (SD) T Value P-Value Mean Home-likeness (SD) T Value P-Value
None to Mild (0–2) 5.42(1.06) 1.55 0.12 4.75(1.31) 2.56 0.01*
Moderate to Severe (3+) 5.29(1.01) 4.46(1.46)
  1. Abbreviations: kcal/kg bw kilocalorie per kilogram body weight, SD standard deviation, M-RCC Mealtime Relational Care Checklist, DRS Depression Rating Scale, MTS Mealtime Scan, CPS Cognitive Performance Scale, MNA-SF Mini Nutritional Assessment- Short Form
  2. *indicates a p-value < 0.05