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Table 1 Baseline details of the HAALSI cohort (n = 5059)

From: Prevalence and correlates of frailty in an older rural African population: findings from the HAALSI cohort study

  Female Male All P*
N (%) 2714 (53.6) 2345 (46.4) 5059
Mean age (years) (SD) 61.7 (13.3) 61.7 (12.8) 61.7 (13.1) 0.95
Age group (%) 40–49 500 (18) 418 (18) 918 (18) <0.001
50–59 785 (29) 625 (27) 1410 (28)  
60–69 661 (24) 643 (27) 1304 (26)  
70–79 432 (16) 446 (19) 878 (17)  
80+ 336 (12) 213 (9) 549 (11)  
Marital status Never married 123 (5) 166 (7) 289 (6) <0.001
Divorced/separated 351 (13) 299 (13) 650 (13)
Widowed 1264 (47) 277 (12) 1541 (30)  
Married/cohabiting 973 (36) 1601 (68) 2574 (51)  
HIV positive (%) 565 (21) 482 (23) 1047 (21) 0.82
Previous angina (%) 293 (11) 163 (7) 456 (9) <0.001
Previous stroke (%) 63 (3) 86 (3) 149 (3) 0.31
Hypertension (%) 1806 (67) 1338 (57) 3145 (62) <0.001
Diabetes mellitus (%) 324 (12) 235 (10) 559 (11) 0.03
Chronic bronchitis (%) 12 (0.4) 16 (0.7) 28 (0.6) 0.25
Anaemia (%) 1042 (38) 833 (36) 1875 (37) 0.15
Median 5 m walk speed (m/s) (IQR) 0.63 (0.50 to 0.83) 0.63 (0.50 to 0.83) 0.63 (0.50 to 0.83) <0.001
Median maximum grip strength (Kg) (IQR) 22.5(17.7 to 27.3) 30.7 (23.2 to 37.2) 25.4 (19.3 to 32.3) <0.001
Mean body mass index (Kg/m2) (SD) 29.3 (7.5) 24.9 (5.4) 27.3 (7.0) <0.001
> = 1 basic ADL impairment (%) 257/2709 (9.5) 219/2332 (9.4) 476/5042 (9.4) 0.90
  1. ADL Activity of daily living
  2. *p for male vs female