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Table 5 Tobit regression of social capital and HRQoL (subgroup of being left behind and not being left behind)

From: Association between social capital and health-related quality of life among left behind and not left behind older people in rural China

Variables Being left behind Not being left behind  
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
β SE β SE β SE β SE β SE β SE β SE β SE
Sexa
 Female −0.078** 0.028 −0.079** 0.027 −0.072* 0.028 −0.049 0.030 −0.024 0.027 −0.024 0.027 −0.019 0.027 0.009 0.028
Ageb
 70-79 0.005 0.031 0.013 0.031 0.018 0.031 0.021 0.031 −0.076* 0.030 −0.076* 0.030 −0.058 0.030 −0.054 0.030
 ≥ 80 −0.091* 0.038 −0.072 0.038 −0.051 0.040 −0.038 0.041 −0.240*** 0.038 −0.239*** 0.038 −0.206*** 0.040 −0.195*** 0.040
Social capitalc
 Low    −0.108** 0.032 −0.111** 0.032 −0.108** 0.032    −0.005 0.030 −0.009 0.030 −0.013 0.030
Marital statusd
 Others      −0.053 0.035 −0.051 0.035      −0.074* 0.030 −0.059* 0.030
Educational levele
 Illiterate        0.055 0.030        −0.081** 0.029
Observations 415 415 415 415 410 410 410 410
Pseudo R2 0.045 0.079 0.086 0.096 0.123 0.124 0.143 0.167
  1. aReference: male
  2. bReference: 60-69 years old
  3. cReference: high social capital
  4. dReference: married
  5. eReference: primary school and above
  6. ***p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05