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Table 5 Scores of functional balance, balance confidence and physical performance at discharge and 1 month follow up. Comparisons within groups, between groups, differences within groups between discharge and 1 month and change over time

From: Early coordinated rehabilitation in acute phase after hip fracture – a model for increased patient participation

  Comparison of scores at discharge median (range) p-value Comparison of scores at 1 month median (range) p-value Comparisons of differences in scores between discharge to 1 month mean (SD) p-value Comparisons of change over time discharge to 1 month p-value
  IG CG   IG CG   IG CG   IG CG
Functional balance
 BBS(0–56) 25 (4–52) 28(5–55) 0.868* 38(13–56) 35 (16–56) 0.464* 9.7 (7.3) 7.6 (6.2) 0.122 < 0.000** < 0.000**
Balance confidence
 FES-S (0–130) 73(7–125) 73(18–130) 0.825* 89(31–130) 90(16–130) 0.981* 19.2(22.2) 17.7(19.2) 0.724 < 0.000** < 0.000**
Physical performance
 SPPB(0–12) 3.5(0–9) 4 (1–9) 0.533* 5 (1–11) 5 (1–12) 0.268* 2.0(1.7) 1.4 ± 1.9 0.083 < 0.000** < 0.000**
 TUG (sec) 32 (12–114) 28.5 (10–120) 0.852* 20(10–173) 22 (8–95) 0.808* −11.2(22.2) −12.5(19.5) 0.755 <  0.000** < 0.000**
  1. IG intervention group, CG control group
  2. *Mann Whitney U Test
  3. **Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test