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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: Exploring the evidence base for how people with dementia and their informal carers manage their medication in the community: a mixed studies review

First author & date Journal Aim Sampling Method n = Location Data collection Analysis Quality rating
Barry (2013) International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28, 1077-1085. To explore community pharmacists’ experiences with and attitudes towards people with dementia (focussed on pain). Purposive Community pharmacists: 182 Northern Ireland Questionnaire Descriptive analyses and Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test 50%
Fiss (2013) International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28, 173-181. To analyse the occurrence of Potentially Inappropriate Medication (PIM) taken by elderly individuals in the AGnES studies in primary care. Convenience Patients: 342 Germany German PRISCUS list Phi coefficient and multiple binary logistic regression analysis 75%
Gillespie (2015) Dementia, 14, 47-62. The study aimed to explore the views of ethnic minority informal caregivers of people living with dementia and their medicines management experience including the adequacy of their access to medication management information and support. Purposive Caregivers: 29 Australia Focus groups and individual interviews Thematic analysis 50%
Kaasalainen (2011) Journal of Nursing and Healthcare of Chronic Illness, 3, 407-418. The purpose of this grounded theory study was to explore the personal experiences related to medicines management of community-dwelling older adults diagnosed with dementia, their informal caregivers and healthcare professionals who assist them. Theoretical sampling Community health nurses: 10
Pharmacists: 10
Family Physicians: 6
Informal caregivers: 20
People with dementia: 11
Canada Interviews Grounded theory 50%
Maidment (2017) Health Expectations, 20, 929-942. To describe and understand the key challenges, in relation to medication issues, experienced by people with dementia and their informal carers dwelling in the community and the potential role of community pharmacists Purposive and snowball effect Informal carers: 11
GPs: 4
Nurses: 5
Social care professionals: 3
Community pharmacists: 4 People with dementia: 4
UK Interviews Framework analysis 75%
McKenzie (2013) American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease & other Dementias, 28, 348-354. The primary aim of this article is to report the implementation and adoption of the Safe Home Program and the caregiver assessments of these technologies and devices to determine which one may be used to support caregivers. Purposive People with dementia: 60 USA Questionnaires and interviews Not specified 75%
Poland (2014) BMC Research Notes, 7, 463. The paper aims primarily to describe the Public Patient Involvement process which was intended to inform the development of a future research proposal Purposive Carers: 9 UK Focus group Thematic analysis 100%
Smith (2014) International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 23, 44-51. The aims of this study were to examine the scope and range of medicines related assistance provided by informal carers of people with dementia, the problems that arise and to identify how service provision could become more responsive to these needs. Convenience Carers: 14
Care-recipients: 5
UK Interviews A framework analysis 75%
While (2012) Dementia, 12, 734-750. This paper examines the perspectives of the person with dementia and their carers to explore if there are any significant differences in their medicines management experiences when compared to older adults without dementia and their carers. Purposive and snowballing approach People with dementia: 8
Informal carers: 9
Australia Interviews Thematic data analysis and critical analysis 75%