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Table 3 Absolute and relative reliability data of various outcomes obtained from different executive function tests before and after acute aerobic cycling exercise for day 2 and 3 comparison

From: Absolute and relative reliability of acute effects of aerobic exercise on executive function in seniors

     Day 1 vs. Day 2 Day 2 vs. Day 3
  Day 1 Mean Change score Day 2 Mean Change score Day 3 Mean Change score change in mean [90% CI] SEM (Typical error) [90% CI] ICC [90% CI] change in mean [90% CI] SEM (Typical error) [90% CI] ICC [90% CI]
Erikson Flanker Test
 reaction time, compatible [ms] −20.9 −17.4 −24.1 −0.7 [−16.8; 15.4] 29.4 [23.3; 40.3] 0.51 [0.17; 0.73] 5.3 [−9.3; 19.9] 26.7 [21.2; 36.6] 0.71 [0.46; 0.85]
 correct response, compatible [%] 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 [−0.3; 1.5] 1.6 [1.3; 2.2] 0.42 [0.04; 0.67] −0.6 [−1.5; 0.3] 1.6 [1.3; 2.2] 0.42 [0.04; 0.67]
 reaction time, incompatible [ms] −22.6 −22.2 −10.5 −4.5 [−19.9; 10.9] 28.2 [22.4; 38.6] 0.49 [0.14; 0.72] 10.6 [−3.6; 24.7] 25.9 [20.5; 35.4] 0.26 [−0.14; 0.57]
 correct response, incompatible [%] 2.0 0.4 2.0 −1.2 [−3.0; 0.6] 3.2 [2.5; 4.4] 0.25 [−0.15; 0.56] 1.2 [−0.6; 3.0] 3.2 [2.5; 4.4] 0.25 [−0.15; 0.56]
Stroop Color Test
 reaction time, neutral [ms] −105.2 −62.1 −56.9 22.1 [−23.3; 67.5] 83.0 [65.9; 113.8] 0.50 [0.16; 0.73] 19.9 [−20.5; 60.4] 74.0 [58.7; 101.4] 0.24 [−0.17; 0.55]
 correct response, neutral [%] −0.8 −0.2 2.5 0.3 [−1.3; 1.9] 2.9 [2.3; 4.0] 0.36 [−0.03; 0.63] 2.4 [0.8; 4.0] 2.9 [2.3; 3.9] 0.17 [−0.24; 0.50]
 reaction time, incongruent [ms] −108.5 −13.2 4.8 97.4 [−2.5; 197.3] 182.7 [145.1; 250.4] −0.01 [−0.41; 0.36] −6.2 [−87.1; 74.7] 148.0 [117.5; 202.8] −0.16 [−0.55; 0.23]
 correct response, incongruent [%] 1.5 −0.1 −0.6 −2.1 [−6.1; 2.0] 7.4 [5.8; 10.1] −0.13 [−0.52; 0.26] −0.4 [−3.6; 2.7] 5.7 [4.6; 7.9] 0.00 [−0.41; 0.36]
Digit Span
 forward [completed stages] −0.4 0.1 −0.2 0.3 [−0.4; 1.0] 1.3 [1.0; 1.8] 0.00 [−0.41; 0.37] −0.3 [−0.8; 0.3] 1.0 [0.8; 1.4] 0.02 [−0.39; 0.38]
 forward [cumulative errors] −0.3 0.05 −0.2 0.3 [−05; 1.0] 1.4 [1.1; 1.9] −0.37 [−0.72; 0.02] −0.2 [−0.8; 0.5] 1.2 [0.9; 1.6] −0.10 [−0.50; 0.28]
 backward [completed stages] 0.1 0.1 0.5 −0.1 [−0.9; 0.8] 1.6 [1.3; 2.2] −0.63 [−0.89; −0.27] 0.5 [−0.2; 1.2] 1.2 [1.0; 1.6] −0.18 [−0.56; 0.21]
 backward [cumulative errors] −0.4 0.1 0.3 0.5 [−0.2; 1.2] 1.4 [1.1; 1.9] −0.39 [−0.73; 0.00] 0.2 [−0.5; 0.9] 1.3 [1.0; 1.8] −0.30 [−0.66; 0.10]
Five-Point-Test
 correctly completed figures [n] 4.0 1.5 2.3 −1.7 [−3.1; −0.2] 2.7 [2.1; 3.7] 0.45 [0.08; 0.69] 0.7 [−1.0; 2.3] 3.0 [2.4; 4.1] 0.00 [−0.41; 0.37]
 persuasive errors [n] −0.1 −0.1 −0.2 0.1 [−0.8; 0.9] 1.6 [1.3; 2.2] 0.40 [0.02; 0.66] −0.2 [−1.2; 0.8] 1.9 [1.5; 2.6] 0.22 [−0.18; 0.54]
  1. All values are given with 90% confidence limits. ICC = intraclass correlation coefficient,, SEM = standard error of measurements