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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analysis of comorbidity and morality in more than 65-year-old patients, N = 6729 (match 1:4)

From: Leading Comorbidity associated with 30-day post-anesthetic mortality in geriatric surgical patients in Taiwan: a retrospective study from the health insurance data

Comorbidity Crude Odds ratio Adjusted Odds ratioa
OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Age(mean,sd) 1.026 1.018 1.035 1.024 1.015 1.034
Ischemic heart disease
 Acute myocardial infarction 4.067 2.883 5.737 4.503 3.060 6.627
 Hypertension 1.902 1.686 2.147 1.406 1.223 1.616
Heart failure
 Heart failure 2.732 2.209 3.38 1.800 1.404 2.309
 Cardiogenic shock 2.436 1.781 3.331 1.894 1.333 2.690
Vascular disease
 Arterial embolism and thrombosis of lower extremity 2.564 1.556 4.227 1.988 1.145 3.45
Respiratory disease
 Pneumonia, organism unspecified 1.965 1.615 2.39 1.448 1.14 1.838
 Empyema, without mention of fistula 2.643 1.128 6.197 3.272 1.307 8.194
Disease of GI system
 Gastric ulcer, chronic or unspecified with hemorrhage 1.856 1.506 2.288 1.381 1.079 1.768
 Acute vascular insufficiency of intestine 5.528 3.155 9.685 6.225 3.382 11.457
 Hemorrhage of gastrointestinal tract 3.264 2.331 4.572 1.868 1.259 2.772
 Duodenal ulcer, chronic or unspecified with perforation 2.239 1.724 2.908 2.209 1.637 2.982
 Peritonitis 8.559 3.889 18.838 8.855 3.653 21.47
 Perforation of intestine 2.423 1.599 3.67 2.636 1.67 4.162
Urinary disease
 Tuberculosis of ureter, tubercle bacilli found 3.6 2.421 5.353 3.699 2.347 5.831
 Chronic renal failure 3.183 2.565 3.95 2.931 2.241 3.834
 Calculus of ureter 0.442 0.295 0.661 0.588 0.376 0.919
 Hypertrophy (benign) of prostate 0.833 0.709 0.979 0.764 0.628 0.928
 Endocrine disease 0.512 0.445 0.588 0.668 0.568 0.785
Musculoskeletal disease
 Fracture of intertrochanteric section of femur, closed 1.607 1.321 1.954 1.284 1.023 1.613
Infectious disease
 Necrotizing fasciitis 1.74 1.203 2.517 1.580 1.041 2.397
CVA or trauma
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage 6.027 3.209 11.318 8.935 4.612 17.312
 Intracerebral hemorrhage 3.063 2.281 4.112 3.893 2.803 5.408
 Subdural hemorrhage 0.758 0.426 1.35 0.464 0.237 0.906
 Unspecified cerebral artery occlusion with cerebral infarction 1.788 1.477 2.165 1.512 1.216 1.881
 Other and unspecified cerebral laceration 2.553 1.353 4.819 3.058 1.513 6.178
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage following injury 2.591 1.955 3.434 4.12 3.014 5.632
 Fracture of vault of skull, closed 3.815 1.229 11.847 5.197 1.521 17.755
 Fracture of base of skull, closed 4.176 1.839 9.484 6.424 2.666 15.478
Cancer
 Malignant neoplasm of upper third of esophagus 2.87 1.207 6.824 3.624 1.394 9.422
 Malignant neoplasm of pyloric antrum of stomach 1.687 1.086 2.621 2.045 1.251 3.341
 Malignant neoplasm of liver, primary 2.828 1.9 4.208 2.944 1.826 4.745
 Malignant neoplasm of head of pancreas 3.109 1.492 6.478 4.035 1.809 9.002
 Malignant neoplasm of female breast, unspecifie 0.402 0.16 1.014 0.335 0.119 0.939
 Secondary malignant neoplasm of skin 3.705 2.133 6.436 3.418 1.796 6.506
Other diseases
 Encounter for chemotherapy 3.4 2.237 5.166 2.566 1.531 4.301
  1. aAdjusted variables including age, gender, types of surgery, comorbidity