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Table 4 Univariate analysis of predictors of injurious fall

From: Identifying protective and risk factors for injurious falls in patients hospitalized for acute care: a retrospective case-control study

  Variable Patients with injurious falls (n = 117) [number (%)] Controls (n = 320) [number (%)] OR CI P Value
Demographics Age > 70 48 (41) 111 (34.7) 1.31 (0.85–2.02) 0.223
  Male sex 80 (68.4) 166 (54.9) 2 (1.28–3.13) 0.002
Medical history
  Cognitive Impairment 20 (17.1) 33 (10.3) 1.79 (0.98–3.27) 0.057
  History of fragility fracture 12 (10.3) 30 (6.3) 1.71 (0.81–3.63) 0.159
  History of joint replacement 9 (7.7) 7 (2.2) 3.73 (1.36–10.25) 0.011
  Recent surgery 32 (27.4) 146 (45.8) 0.45 (0.28–0.71) 0.001
  Current smoker 20 (17.9) 45 (14.9) 1.25 (0.70–2.22) 0.455
  Mean Charlston Comorbidity Index (SD) 6 (SD 3.6) 5.0 (SD 2.7)    0.001
Active treatments
  CNS agents 79 (67.5) 144 (45.0) 2.54 (1.63–3.97) <0.0001
  Vasoactive agents 71 (60.7) 150 (46.9) 1.75 (1.14–2.69) 0.011
  Therapeutic dose anticoagulants 19 (16.2) 47 (14.7) 1.13 (0.63–2.01) 0.688
Characteristics
  Assessed “at risk to fall” 57 (48.7) 123 (38.6) 1.51 (0.99–2.32) 0.057
  History of fall 27 (23.1) 32 (10.0) 2.69 (1.53–4.73) 0.001