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Table 2 Association between care receiver/ caregiver characteristics and caregivers’ subjective burden and care-related quality of life

From: Positive and negative outcomes of informal caregiving at home and in institutionalised long-term care: a cross-sectional study

  SUBJECTIVE BURDEN QUALITY OF LIFE
  intercept (se) beta (se) intercept (se) beta (se)
Care receiver characteristics
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Age 31.535 4.306 .098 .050 66.173 3.473 .174 .033
 Sex
  Male 40.736 1.578 −2.096 .713 77.394 1.718 4.542 .616
  Female 38.641 1.536 2.096 .713 81.936 1.330 −4.542 .616
 Ethnicity
  Native 39.301 1.519 1.870 1.419 80.290 1.492 −1.263 .897
  Non-native 41.171 2.021 −1.870 1.419 79.026 1.466 1.264 .897
 Education
  Low vs. middle 39.158 1.541 .038 .768 80.540 1.587 −.384 .438
  Middle vs. high 39.197 1.525 1.067 1.632 80.156 1.579 −.556 .934
  High vs. low 40.263 2.104 −1.105 1.653 79.600 1.729 .940 .944
 Marital status
  Married/cohabiting 40.283 1.574 −1.551 .705 78.089 1.637 3.962 .538
  Widowed/divorced/single 38.733 1.559 1.551 .705 82.051 1.362 −3.962 .538
Health-related characteristics
 Number of morbidities, ranging from 0 -17 a 35.132 1.686 1.090 .206 82.555 1.691 −.588 .140
 Disability, ranging from 0 to 15 a 30.297 1.435 1.678 .106 81.543 1.852 −.240 .097
 Self-perceived health, ranging from 1 to 5 a 46.662 1.869 −2.990 .427 76.486 1.447 1.549 .270
 Psychological wellbeing, ranging from 5 to 30 a 58.879 2.366 −.860 .081 71.403 1.628 .391 .051
Caregiver characteristics
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Age 40.519 2.596 −.014 .031 88.353 1.435 −.121 .025
 Sex
  Male 35.768 1.804 4.747 .829 83.035 1.164 −3.053 .507
  Female 40.515 1.732 −4.747 .829 79.982 1.102 3.053 .507
 Relationship with care receiver
  Child vs. partner 39.409 1.557 1.124 .767 82.036 1.284 −5.210 .712
  Partner vs. others 40.534 1.579 −4.856 1.257 76.825 1.741 6.165 .752
  Others vs. child 35.678 1.848 3.731 1.251 82.991 1.649 −.955 .772
 Living situation
  Living together 40.323 1.591 −1.602 .737 77.360 4.676 4.977 .606
  Not living together 38.722 1.568 1.602 .737 82.337 1.330 −4.977 .606
Health-Related Characteristics
 Self-perceived health, ranging from 1 to 5 a 57.466 1.863 −5.868 .354 61.606 1.458 6.063 .229
Caregiving-Related Characteristics
 Objective burden, ranging from 0 to 168 35.821 1.435 .224 .015 81.925 1.235 −.105 .019
 Variation in caregiving tasks
   < 2 tasks 31.994 1.515 10.818 .731 82.329 1.147 −3.061 .797
   ≥ 2 tasks 42.811 1.441 −10.818 .731 79.268 1.638 3.061 .797
 Support (hours), ranging from 0 to 168 39.005 1.502 .157 .046 80.144 1.410 .031 .040
  1. Significant results based on mixed-model multilevel analyses (p < 0.05) are in bold
  2. a bold scores are most favourable scores