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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics for the total sample and by age subgroups

From: Cost-effectiveness analysis of a multifactorial fall prevention intervention in older home care clients at risk for falling

  Total sample, all ages Young-old group, 75–84 years Old-old group, 85–95 years
Participant characteristic Intervention (n = 49) Usual care
(n = 43)
Intervention (n = 27) Usual care
(n = 22)
Intervention (n = 22) Usual care
(n = 21)
Baseline mean number of falls ± SD −1.8 ± 2.7 −1.7 ± 3.7 −1.1 ± 1.0 −1.0 ± 1.1 −2.6 ± 3.8 −2.3 ± 5.2
Follow-up mean number of falls ± SD −1.4 ± 2.7 −1.3 ± 2.2 −0.9 ± 1.4 −1.8 ± 2.5 −2.1 ± 3.7 −0.8 ± 1.9
Change in mean number of falls ± SDa 0.3 ± 2.6 0.3 ± 3.3 0.1 ± 1.7 −0.8 ± 2.4 0.5 ± 3.4 1.5 ± 3.8
Baseline mean cost in CAD ± SD 20,154 ± 21,068 26,150 ± 28,132 17,533 ± 18335* 37,615 ± 32833* 23,372 ± 24,056 14,139 ± 15,298
Follow-up mean cost in CAD ± SD 5126 ± 3914 4800 ± 4305 4789 ± 3988 5559 ± 5359 5540 ± 3873 4004 ± 2733
Change in mean cost in CAD ± SDa −15,028 ± 20,518 −21,350 ± 27,359 −12,743 ± 17498* −32,056 ± 32204* −17,831 ± 23,837 −10,135 ± 14,992
Mean age in years ± SD 84.1 ± 5.0 83.2 ± 5.1 80.5 ± 2.8 78.9 ± 2.5 88.6 ± 3.0 87.7 ± 2.7
Female (%) 67% 77% 70% 73% 64% 81%
Fear of falling (%) 41% 49% 41% 45% 41% 52%
Fall in the last 6 months (%) 73% 67% 67% 77% 82% 57%
  1. aAs fall is a bad outcome, we have added a negative sign to indicate a bad effect. Change refers to the difference between six-month follow-up and baseline. For mean change in number of falls, a high estimate implies more falls prevented. For change in mean number of falls, a positive estimate means that there were fewer falls in the “Follow-up” period than in the “Baseline” period. For change in mean cost, a lower estimate indicates fewer resources used
  2. Intervention = multifactorial fall prevention intervention; Usual care = usual home care services; n = number of participants; SD = standard deviation. * denotes p < 0.05 using Welch’s t-test
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