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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants (N = 992)

From: Relationship between oral health and Fried’s frailty criteria in community-dwelling older persons

Characteristic   Proportion (%)
Age (years, mean+/− SD) 74.9 (+/−1.39)  
Gender
  Female 59.8
Education level
  Compulsory school 22.8
  Apprenticeship/high school 64.4
  Tertiary education 12.7
Financial problems
  Yes 12.3
Chronic diseasesa
  0 24.8
  1 33.6
  ≥ 2 41.6
Cognitive impairment   
  MMSE <24 9.0
Alcohol consumption
  At risk 25.9
  Moderate 67.4
  No drinking 6.6
Smoking status
  Yes 13.0
  Stopped since <35y 25.1
  Stopped since >35y 12.6
  Never 48.5
Dental Status
  No missing tooth 5.4
  Missing teeth, fixed dentures 32.1
  Missing teeth, removable dentures 41.0
  Missing teeth, no dentures 21.5
  1. aNumber of diseases self-reported out of the following list: hypertension, heart diseases, stroke, diabetes mellitus, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, arthritis, osteoporosis, gastro-intestinal diseases, depression, neurodegenerative diseases