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Table 3 Multivariate model of SRH on sociodemographic/health-related factors

From: Predictors of self-reported health among the elderly in Ghana: a cross sectional study

Variable Model 1a (Binary logistic regression of SRH) Model 2b (Ordinal logistic regression SRH)
Adjusted odds ratio (Conf. inter.) P - values Adjusted odds ratio (Conf. inter.) P - values
Age
 Young old (60–69) 1.00    
 Middle old (70–79) 1.25 (1–1.57) 0.054 1.00 (0.85–1.19) 0.967
 Oldest old (80 and above) 2.54 (1.94–3.35) <0.000 1.01 (0.81–1.26)) 0.957
Gender
 Male 1.00    
 Female 1.12 (0.86–1.46) 0.402 1.03 (0.84–1.26) 0.792
Marital status
 Married 1.00    
 Never married 2.20 (0.93–5.19) 0.071 0.68 (0.32–1.47) 0.327
 Divorced 0.95 (0.68–1.32) 0.763 0.81 (0.63–1.04) 0.100
 Widowed 1.02(0.77 1.35) 0.885 0.97 (0.79–1.20) 0.803
Education
 No education 1.00    
 Primary education 0.83 (0.63–1.11) 0.211 0.97 (0.78–1.20) 0.772
 Secondary education 0.83 (0.59–1.17) 0.280 1.18 (0.91–1.52) 0.203
 Tertiary education 0.47 (0.21–1.06) 0.069 1.01 (0.62–1.66) 0.954
Work status
 Informal worker 1.00    
 Public worker 0.97 (0.64–1.48) 0.894 1.11 (0.83–1.50) 0.468
 Private worker 0.93 (0.49–1.76) 0.815 1.22 (0.79–1.91) 0.360
 Never worked 2.33 (1.17–4.66) 0.016 1.25 (0.72–2.19) 0.428
Insurance
 Not insured 1.00    
 Insured 0.97 (0.78–1.19) 0.747 0.91 (0.78–1.07) 0.254
Chronic condition
 No chronic condition 1.00    
 One chronic condition 1.63 (1.30–2.06) <0.000 0.96 (0.80–1.15) 0.660
 More than one condition 1.88 (1.41–2.52) <0.000 0.99 (0.78–1.26) 0.952
Income quintile
 Low income 1.00    
 Middle income 0.93 (0.72–1.21) 0.598 1.06 (0.87–1.30) 0.570
 High income 0.71 (0.55–0.91) 0.008 0.89 (0.73–1.08) 0.227
Locality
 Rural 1.00    
 Urban 0.98 (0.78–1.23) 0.877 1.12 (0.94–1.33) 0.206
Subjective well-being
 Not Satisfied 1.00    
 Satisfied 0.73 (0.59–0.93) 0.009 0.27 (0.22–0.32) <0.000
Quality of life
 Poor 1.00    
 Good 1.02 (0.82–1.26) 0.891 1.03 (0.86–1.22) 0.764
Functional limitation
 Not functionally limited 1.00    
 Functionally limited 0.88 (0.67–1.17) 0.379 3.57 (2.88–4.41) <0.000
Disability
 Not disabled 1.00    
 Disabled 0.76 (0.57–1.02) 0.071 2.64 (2.13–3.27) <0.000
Physical activity
 None 1.00    
 Moderate exercise 1.81 (1.37–2.40) <0.000 3.27 (2.67–4.00) <0.000
Tobacco use
 Never used 1.00    
 Previously used 0.64 (0.45 0.92) 0.017 0.77 (0.61–0.98) 0.033
 Currently use 1.19 (0.88–1.62) 0.257 0.87 (0.69–1.11) 0.260
Alcohol use
 Non drinker     
 Previous drinker 1.20 (0.94–1.55) 0.150 0.83 (0.68–1.00) 0.053
 Current drinker 1.18 (0.92–1.52) 0.201 0.59 (0.49–0.72) <0.000
Regions
 Upper West     
 Western 2.34 (1.14–4.80) 0.021 1.31 (0.79–2.16) 0.299
 Central 1.51 (0.73–3.13) 0.268 1.11 (0.67–1.85) 0.673
 Ashanti 1.67 (0.82–3.40) 0.160 1.30 (0.79–2.13) 0.294
 Brong Ahafo 1.45 (0.69–3.02) 0.325 1.46 (0.88–2.44) 0.140
 Greater Accra 1.11 (0.53–2.34) 0.775 1.26 (0.76–2.09) 0.376
 Upper East 0.49 (0.21–1.16) 0.103 0.94 (0.55–1.59) 0.813
 Northern 1.76 (0.82–3.74) 0.144 1.23 (0.72–2.08) 0.446
 Eastern 2.21 (1.08–4.51) 0.029 1.53 (0.93–2.52) 0.090
 Volta 1.83 (0.89–3.78) 0.102 1.43 (0.86–2.37) 0.169
  1. aWhere SRH is coded as follows, very poor/poor = 1, otherwise 0
  2. bWhere SRH is coded as follows, very poor = 5, otherwise 1–4