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Table 2 Summary statistics by self-reported health

From: Predictors of self-reported health among the elderly in Ghana: a cross sectional study

Variables Good Health (%) Poor Health (%) Total (N) P-values of Pearson’s Chi2
Age     <0.000
 60–69 1000 (83.1) 204 (16.9) 1204  
 70–79 762 (77.5) 221 (22.5) 983  
 Above 80 272 (63.8) 154 (36.2) 426  
Sex     <0.000
 Male 1057 (81. 4) 242 (18.6) 1299  
 Female 977 (74.4) 337 (25.6) 1314  
Marital Status     <0.000
 Never married 18 (66.7) 9 (33.3) 27  
 Married/co-habiting 1034 (81.6) 234 (18.4) 1268  
 Separated/divorced 269 (76.6) 82 (23.4) 351  
 Widowed 699 (73.6) 251 (26.4) 950  
Education Level     <0.000
 No formal education 1312 (76.0) 414 (24.0) 1726  
 Primary 352 (79.5) 91 (20.5) 443  
 Secondary 295 (82.2) 64 (17.8) 359  
 Tertiary 65 (89.0) 08 (11.0) 73  
Work status     0.021
 Never worked 31 (66) 16 (34.0) 47  
 Public worker 182 (83.1) 37 (16.9) 219  
 Private worker 69 (84.1) 13 (15.8) 82  
 Informal worker 1742 (77.3) 512 (22.7) 2254  
Health insurance     0.482
 Uninsured 1161 (78.3) 321 (21.7) 1482  
 Insured 873 (77.2) 258 (22.8) 1131  
Chronic condition     <0.000
 No chronic condition 1356 (81.4) 309 (18.6) 1665  
 One chronic condition 448 (72.4) 171 (27.6) 619  
 More than one condition 221 (69.1) 99 (30.9) 320  
Income     0.021
 Lowest 840 (76.0) 266 (24.0) 1106  
 Middle 405 (76.4) 125 (23.6) 530  
 High 786 (80.78) 187 (19.22) 973  
Locality     0.791
 Urban 785 (77.6) 227 (22.4) 1012  
 Rural 1249 (78.0) 352 (22.0) 1601  
Subjective Wellbeing     0.131
 Satisfied 709 (79.3) 285 (20.7) 894  
 Not satisfied 1325 (77.1) 394 (22.9) 1719  
Quality of Life     0.111
 Good 793 (76.3) 247 (23.7) 1040  
 Poor 1241 (78.9) 332 (21.1) 1573  
Functional limitation     0.095
 Not functionally limited 1016 (76.5) 312 (23.5) 1328  
 Functionally limited 1018 (79.2) 267 (20.8) 1285  
Disability     0.133
 Not disabled 1247 (76.9) 375 (23.1) 1622  
 Disabled 787 (79.4) 204 (20.6) 991  
Physical activity     <0.000
 None 1583 (79.2) 416 (20.8) 1999  
 Moderate exercise 451 (73.5) 163 (26.5) 614  
Tobacco use     0.005
 Never used 1574 (77.4) 461 (22.6) 2035  
 Previously used 210 (74.2) 73 (25.8) 283  
 Currently use 250 (84.7) 45 (15.3) 295  
Alcohol use     0.615
 Non drinker 973 (78.3) 270 (21.7) 1243  
 Previous drinker 483 (76.4) 149 (23.6) 632  
 Current drinker 578 (78.3) 160 (21.7) 738  
Region     <0.000
 Upper West 65 (85.5) 11 (14.5) 76  
 Western 207 (70.4) 87 (30.0) 294  
 Central 221 (78.6) 60 (21.4) 281  
 Ashanti 301 (77.18) 89 (22.8) 390  
 Brong Ahafo 199 (79.0) 53 (21.0) 252  
 Northern 205 (83.0) 42 (17.0) 247  
 Upper East 158 (90.80) 16 (9.20) 174  
 Greater Accra 215 (78.8) 58 (21.2) 273  
 Eastern 263 (73.1) 97 (26.9) 360  
 Volta 200 (75.2) 66 (24.8) 266