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Table 4 Random-effects regression analysis on quality of life and related outcomes controlling for age, gender, cognition (S-MMSE), and independence in activities of daily living (Barthel index)

From: Quality of care and quality of life of people with dementia living at green care farms: a cross-sectional study

QoL-AD proxy report ICC = 0.21 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval Variance P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −3.7 1.7 −7.2 −.07 19 0.046* 0.8
 Regular small-scale living facility   −1.2 1.4 −4.2 1.9 19 0.4 0.3
QoL-AD self-report ICC = 0.14 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval Variance P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −2.3 1.9 −6.5 1.9 21 0.3 0.5
 Regular small-scale living facility   .09 1.6 −3.4 3.6 21 0.9 0.02
Qualidem Care relationship ICC = 0.07 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −.9 1.4 −3.9 2.1 20 0.5 0.2
 Regular small-scale living facility   −1 1.2 −3.5 1.6 20 0.4 0.2
Qualidem Possitive affect ICC = 0.12 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −2.8 1.2 −5.4 −.2 13 0.037* 0.7
 Regular small-scale living facility   −1.9 1 4.1 .4 13 0.1 0.5
Qualidem Negative affect ICC = 0.09 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   .7 .7 −.7 2.1 4 0.3 0.4
 Regular small-scale living facility   −.05 .6 −1.3 1.2 4 0.9 0.3
Qualidem restless tense behavior ICC = 0.15 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   .3 1 −1.7 2.4 7 0.7 0.1
 Regular small-scale living facility   .1 .8 −1.6 1.9 7 0.9 0.03
Qualidem positive self-image ICC = 0.15 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   .5 .6 −.9 1.9 3 0.4 0.3
 Regular small-scale living facility   −.3 .5 −1.4 .9 3 0.6 0.2
Qualidem social relations ICC = 0.13 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −2.5 1.1 −4.8 −.1 10 0.042* 0.8
 Regular small-scale living facility   −1.3 .9 −3.3 .7 10 0.2 0.4
Qualidem Social isolation ICC = 0.19 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −.1 .8 −1.9 1.6 4 0.9 0.1
 Regular small-scale living facility   −.8 .7 −2.3 .7 4 0.3 0.4
Qualidem feeling at home ICC = 0.13 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   .5 .8 −1.2 2.2 5 0.5 0.2
 Regular small-scale living facility   .3 .7 −1.1 1.8 5 0.6 0.1
Qualidem having something to do ICC = 0.16 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −1.3 .6 −2.6 −.1 2 0.035* 0.9
 Regular small-scale living facility   −.3 .5 −1.3 .8 2 0.6 0.2
RISE ICC = 0.13 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   −.9 .6 −2.2 .3 3 0.1 0.5
 Regular small-scale living facility   −.3 .5 −1.4 .8 3 0.6 0.2
NPI-NH ICC = 0.08 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   1.4 4.7 −8.9 11.6 230 0.8 0.3
 Regular small-scale living facility   −2.3 4.2 −11.1 6.5 230 0.6 0.2
CMAI ICC = 0.21 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   .9 4.7 −9.3 11 153 0.9 0.1
 Regular small-scale living facility   1.3 4.1 −7.4 9.9 153 0.8 0.1
CSDD ICC = 0.11 B Std. Error B 95% confidence interval   P value Effect size
 Traditional nursing home   .8 1.5 −2.5 4.1 22 0.6 0.2
 Regular small-scale living facility   .1 1.3 −2.8 2.9 22 0.96 0.02