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Table 1 Background characteristics, outcome indicators, and structure indicators

From: Quality of care and quality of life of people with dementia living at green care farms: a cross-sectional study

Background characteristics (range) Total (N = 115) Green care farm (N = 34) Traditional nursing home (N = 29) Regular small- scale living facility (N = 52) p-value
  M SD M SD M SD M SD  
Age (59–97) 83.8 7.8 82.1 8.5 82.6 8.3 85.5 6.8 0.1
Gender (% female) 75 68 62 87 0.03
Barthel index (0–20) 9.7 5.9 9.1 5.7 9.4 6.6 10.3 5.7 0.6
S-MMSE (0–30) 8.4 6.8 8.1 6.7 7.5 7 9.1 6.9 0.6
Outcome indicators Total Green care farm Traditional nursing home Regular small- scale living facility p-value
  N % N % N % N %  
Malnutrition 12 10 5 15 5 17 2 4 0.1
Missing 7 6 1 3 2 7 4 7  
Physical restraints 13 11 1 3 5 17 7 13 0.1
Missing 6 5 1 3 1 3 4 8  
Pressure ulcers 7 6 4 12 0 0 3 6 0.2
Missing 5 4 0 0 0 0 5 9  
Falling incidents 16 14 6 18 3 10 7 13 0.7
Missing 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 2  
Medication incidents 4 4 0 0 1 3 3 6 0.4
Missing 7 6 1 3 0 0 6 12  
Antipsychotic use 22 19 8 23 6 21 8 15 0.6
Missing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0  
Structure indicators Total Green care farm Traditional nursing home Regular small- scale living facility  
Total hours per resident per day (HPRD)* 3.1   3.1   3.1   3.2   
HPRD nurse assistant staffing/nurse aid staffing* 1   1.3   1.1   0.7   
HPRD Certified nurse assistant staffing* 1.8   1.5   1.5   2.4   
HPRD Vocationally trained RN staffing* 0.3   0.4   0.4   0.1   
HPRD baccalaureate-educated RN staffing* 0   0   0   0   
  1. * Nightshift excluded