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Table 1 Demographic and baseline characteristics of participants

From: Adapted yoga to improve physical function and health-related quality of life in physically-inactive older adults: a randomised controlled pilot trial

Characteristic Intervention (n = 25) Control* (n = 27)
Age, years 73.8 (6.5) 75.7 (7.9)
Female sex, n (%) 25 (100) 22 (81)
White ethnicity, n (%) 25 (100) 27 (100)
Employment status, n (%)
 Employed full-time
 Employed part-time
 Retired
0 (0)
3 (12)
22 (88)
1 (4)
0 (0)
26 (96)
Living situation, n (%)
 Community dwelling
 Care home resident
22 (88)
3 (12)
24 (89)
3 (11)
Smoking status, n (%)
 Current
 Previous
 Never
0 (0)
9 (36)
16 (64)
0 (0)
15 (58)
11 (42)
Total medications, median (range) 3 (0–8) 4 (0–12)
Comorbidities, n (%)
 0
 1
 2–3
 4 or more
4 (16)
10 (40)
9 (36)
2 (8)
5 (19)
5 (19)
9 (33)
8 (29)
Physical characteristics
 Body mass, kg
 Stature, cm
 Body mass index, kg/m2
 Waist circumference, cm
 Heart rate, beats/min
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg
73.2 (14.1)
159.5 (5.8)
28.8 (5.7)
94.2 (13.0)
78 (16)
150 (30)
84 (17)
79.3 (19.9)
159.4 (8.9)
31.0 (6.3)
99.3 (12.4)
80 (11)
141 (22)
79 (11)
Physical function
 SPPB total scorea
 Standing balanceb, s
 Sit to standb, s
 Four-metre walk timeb, s
 Chair sit-and reacha, cm
 Back scratcha, cm
9.7 (1.9)
27.65 (4.32)
16.51 (7.11)
4.07 (0.78)
−5 (9)
−10 (12)
8.2 (2.3)
26.96 (6.03)
22.59 (11.90)
5.81 (4.46)
−8 (14)
−18 (17)
Questionnaires
 EQ-5D utility indexa
 EQ-VASa
 WEMWBSa
0.74 (0.16)
71 (13)
50 (11)
0.64 (0.20)
64 (17)
52 (8)
  1. Data are presented as mean (SD) unless otherwise stated
  2. *Data were missing for smoking status (n = 1), all physical characteristics (n = 1), all physical function tests (n = 1) and all questionnaire scores (n = 1)
  3. aHigher score is better; bLower score is better
  4. EQ-VAS EuroQol Visual Analogue Scale, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, WEMWBS Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale