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Table 1 Demographic and baseline characteristics of participants

From: Adapted yoga to improve physical function and health-related quality of life in physically-inactive older adults: a randomised controlled pilot trial

Characteristic Intervention (n = 25) Control* (n = 27)
Age, years 73.8 (6.5) 75.7 (7.9)
Female sex, n (%) 25 (100) 22 (81)
White ethnicity, n (%) 25 (100) 27 (100)
Employment status, n (%)
 Employed full-time  Employed part-time  Retired 0 (0) 3 (12) 22 (88) 1 (4) 0 (0) 26 (96)
Living situation, n (%)
 Community dwelling  Care home resident 22 (88) 3 (12) 24 (89) 3 (11)
Smoking status, n (%)
 Current  Previous  Never 0 (0) 9 (36) 16 (64) 0 (0) 15 (58) 11 (42)
Total medications, median (range) 3 (0–8) 4 (0–12)
Comorbidities, n (%)
 0  1  2–3  4 or more 4 (16) 10 (40) 9 (36) 2 (8) 5 (19) 5 (19) 9 (33) 8 (29)
Physical characteristics
 Body mass, kg  Stature, cm  Body mass index, kg/m2  Waist circumference, cm  Heart rate, beats/min  Systolic blood pressure, mmHg  Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 73.2 (14.1) 159.5 (5.8) 28.8 (5.7) 94.2 (13.0) 78 (16) 150 (30) 84 (17) 79.3 (19.9) 159.4 (8.9) 31.0 (6.3) 99.3 (12.4) 80 (11) 141 (22) 79 (11)
Physical function
 SPPB total scorea  Standing balanceb, s  Sit to standb, s  Four-metre walk timeb, s  Chair sit-and reacha, cm  Back scratcha, cm 9.7 (1.9) 27.65 (4.32) 16.51 (7.11) 4.07 (0.78) −5 (9) −10 (12) 8.2 (2.3) 26.96 (6.03) 22.59 (11.90) 5.81 (4.46) −8 (14) −18 (17)
Questionnaires
 EQ-5D utility indexa  EQ-VASa  WEMWBSa 0.74 (0.16) 71 (13) 50 (11) 0.64 (0.20) 64 (17) 52 (8)
  1. Data are presented as mean (SD) unless otherwise stated
  2. *Data were missing for smoking status (n = 1), all physical characteristics (n = 1), all physical function tests (n = 1) and all questionnaire scores (n = 1)
  3. aHigher score is better; bLower score is better
  4. EQ-VAS EuroQol Visual Analogue Scale, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, WEMWBS Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale