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Table 4 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for sarcopenia according to alcohol-drinking patterns in elderly population

From: High prevalence of sarcopenia among binge drinking elderly women: a nationwide population-based study

  Men Women
Variables Unadjusted P-value Adjusteda P-value Unadjusted P-value Adjusteda P-value
  OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)  
Quantity of Drinking (%)
 Non-drinker 1 (reference)   1 (reference)   1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Light-to-moderate drinker 0.93 (0.64–1.36) 0.71 0.93 (0.59–1.47) 0.743 10.22 (1.38–75.49) 0.023 5.45 (0.50–59.36) 0.16
 Heavy drinker 0.73 (0.50–1.08) 0.12 0.87 (0.54–1.39) 0.548 7.93 (1.11–56.92) 0.04 4.42 (0.42–46.75) 0.22
Frequency of drinking (%)
 < 1 time/month 1 (reference)   1 (reference)   1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 ≥ 1 time/month and ≤2–4 times a month 0.75 (0.58–0.97) 0.03 0.81 (0.59–1.11) 0.194 1.03 (0.56–1.92) 0.92 0.74 (0.37–1.49) 0.39
 ≥ 2–3 times a week 0.65 (0.48–0.88) 0.001 1.03 (0.71–1.48) 0.881 0.71 (0.44–1.16) 0.17 0.90 (0.52–1.54) 0.69
Presence of Binge drinking (%)
 Social drinker 1 (reference)   1 (reference)   1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Binge drinker 0.77 (0.76–1.05) 0.09 0.95 (0.66–1.38) 0.791 2.84 (1.12–7.29) 0.03 3.88 (1.33–11.36) 0.01
  1. aAdjusted for age, body mass index, smoking status, moderate physical activity, and energy intake in men and women