Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of baseline variables

From: Feasibility and efficacy of a multi-factorial intervention to prevent falls in older adults with cognitive impairment living in residential care (ProF-Cog). A feasibility and pilot cluster randomised controlled trial

Measure (number for which data was collected) Control (N = 88) Intervention (N = 103) P
Total Cluster Total Cluster  
  2 4 6 8   1 3 5 7 9  
N (%) 15 25 10 44 N (%) 29 25 5 32 12  
Home with nursing 63 (72%) 0 19 (100%) 0 44 (100%) 57 (55%) 0 19 (100%) 0 32 (100%) 0 0.02
Female 60 (68%) 11 (73%) 13 (68%) 10 (100%) 26 (59%) 72 (70%) 22 (76%) 16 (64%) 3 (60%) 19 (60%) 12 (100%) NS
Fall in the past year 36 (41%) 8 (53%) 5 (26%) 3 (30%) 20 (46%) 56 (54%) 18 (62%) 11 (44%) 3 (60%) 15 (47%) 9 (75%) 0.06
  Mean (SD)      Mean (SD)       
Age in years 83.0 (9.2) 85.2 (8.6) 82.0 (8.7) 89.7 (6.1) 80.2 (9.6) 84.1 (8.4) 84.6 (8.1) 84.4 (9.6) 88.4 (3.4) 81.1 (9.6) 86.7 (5.3) NS
Years in the home 2.7 (3.1) 2.3 (1.9) 2.3 (2.1) 7.1 (5.7) 2.3 (3.0) 2.3 (2.4) 2.2 (2.2) 2.7 (2.5) 2.2 (3.1) 2.1 (2.9) 2.4 (2.2) NS
Number of medications 8.0 (3.7) 7.4 (3.1) 10.1 (4.3) 8.7 (2.7) 7.1 (3.5) 8.0 (4.1) 7.6 (4.4) 7.7 (3.6) 5.6 (4.7) 9.3 (4.4) 7.8 (3.4) NS
Number of medical conditions* 1.5 (1.2) 1.1 (1.2) 2.1 (1.1) 1.5 (1.0) 1.5 (1.2) 2.0 (1.4) 1.6 (1.3) 2.2 (1.3) 1.6 (2.1) 2.5 (1.5) 1.1 (0.8) 0.03
ACE-R (n = 171) 27.2 (27) 34.1 (23.6) 33.0 (27.1) 19.8 (33.5) 24.1 (25.9) 29.1 (26) 31.6 (24.5) 22.9 (23.5) 32.0 (34.8) 38.0 (27.2) 31.9 (30.4) NS
Barthel (n = 189) 9.4 (5.8) 14.4 (2.9) 7.9 (5.7) 6.1 (4.3) 9.4 (5.9) 8.6 (5.9) 11.2 (5.0) 6.3 (5.7) 12.4 (3.4) 5.8 (5.1) 12.8 (5.7) NS
Health today (n = 90) 70.2 (30) 76.3 (32.2) 53.6 (25.4) 81.7 (11.5) 71.6 (32.4) 65.4 (24) 65.5 (22.2) 63.3 (30.5) 95.0 (10) 62.1 (11.5) 57.9 (24.1) NS
FES-I (n = 80) 17.4 (7.2) 18.1 (7.6) 25.0 (4.6) 23.5 (0.7) 12.7 (4.4) 18.5 (8.2) 18.2 (6.9) 25.8 (5.7) 8.0 (2.0) 20.2 (8.1) 13.8 (8.3) NS
PAM-RC (n = 188) 10.4 (6.4) 12.4 (3.7) 7.9 (6.7) 9.3 (5.1) 11.1 (7.0) 9.2 (6.3) 12.0 (5.8) 8.0 (6.1) 13.6 (4.8) 5.5 (4.8) 14.0 (5.1) NS
Cornell resident (n = 111) 3.8 (5.0) 4.9 (6.6) 4.9 (6.8) 2.0 (2.0) 2.9 (2.6) 4.9 (4.8) 5.9 (4.7) 5.1 (5.5) 0 (0) 5.1 (4.1) 4.3 (6.2) NSb
Cornell carer (n = 188) 3.7 (3.9) 2.7 (2.6) 4.4 (4.5) 1.5 (1.8) 4.1 (4.3) 3.4 (3.7) 5.6 (5.0) 3.0 (3.4) 2.6 (2.7) 2.3 (1.9) 2.0 (2.0) NSb
FIBS (n = 189) 2.2 (3.1) 1.4 (1.8) 2.5 (3.9) 1.6 (2.2) 2.4 (3.3) 2.0 (3.1) 2.8 (3.4) 2.1 (3.6) 2.6 (2.1) 1.3 (2.8) 1.4 (2.3) NSb
NPI-NH (n = 191) 11.5 (12) 6.3 (7.0) 15.6 (16.1) 5.7 (7.2) 12.8 (12.1) 10.1 (10) 13.8 (13.0) 7.4 (8.9) 7.0 (8.0) 10.1 (9.7) 7.9 (7.1) NSb
Balance score (n = 150) 13.8 (12) 19.4 (11.1) 10.1 (10.8) 7.8 (10.2) 15.1 (12.3) 13.7 (14) 16.9 (12.8) 9.2 (12.3) 24.2 (13.1) 8.4 (14.1) 22.9 (14.0) NS
Timed up and go (n = 92) 37.6 (29) 34.3 (24.0) 34.1 (11.3) 51.8 (30.0) 37.7 (36.3) 61.8 (55) 55.7 (47.5) 60.3 (38.6) 31.0 (10.1) 105.5 (82.3) 38.6 (29.0) 0.005a
  1. aDifference analysed using log transformed data
  2. bNon-parametric data analysis carried out as log transformation did not alter skew / data was not interval or ratio level
  3. *Total from the following medical conditions: Depression, Parkinson’s disease, Stroke, Hypertension, Myocardial infarction, Heart failure, COPD, Hip fracture, Osteoarthritis, Epilepsy, Diabetes