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Table 2 Multilevel regression estimates of the factors associated with cognitive function among Baby Boomers and pre-Boomers, Taiwan, 2006

From: General cognitive status among Baby boomers and pre-boomers in Taiwan: the interplay between mid-life socioeconomic status and city residence

  Baby Boomers (born 1946–1964) Pre-Boomers (born before 1946) All cohorts
Est. SE Est. SE Est. SE
Explanatory variables
 Mid-life SES (ref = Low)
  Medium     1.98 ** 0.51 2.07 ** 0.45
  High 2.81 ** 0.50 3.56 ** 0.55 3.61 ** 0.47
 Residence in 2006 (ref = town residence)          
  City residence 1.47 ** 0.49 −0.15   0.46 0.05   0.35
 Mid-life SES-city residence interaction
 High mid-life SES × City residence −2.12 ** 0.62       
APOE4 allele (ref = non-carrier)          
 Carrier −0.44   0.45 −0.11   0.46 −0.16   0.33
 Unknown −0.15   0.34     −0.04   0.41
Economic strain (ref = Enough)
 Just enough −0.48   0.49 −0.24   0.63 −0.28   0.41
 Some difficulty −0.67   0.61 −0.14   0.75 −0.32   0.50
 Much difficulty −1.19   0.96 −0.53   0.95 −0.62   0.68
Family living arrangement
 Living with partners (ref = No) 1.25 ** 0.38 1.18 ** 0.37 1.27 ** 0.27
 Living with grandchildren (ref = No) −0.47   0.34 −1.25 ** 0.33 −1.01 ** 0.24
Family stressor (ref = 0)
 1 −0.54   0.37 0.32   0.50 −0.07   0.32
 2 and more 0.49   0.37 0.88 * 0.42 0.78 ** 0.29
Weekly exercise (ref = 2–5 times)
 less than 1 time −0.54   0.35 −1.72 ** 0.48 −1.09 ** 0.31
 6+ times −0.35   0.41 −0.85   0.52 −0.46   0.34
Depressive symptoms −0.03   0.03 −0.16 ** 0.03 −0.04   0.04
Female gender (ref = Male) −0.75 * 0.29 −1.17 ** 0.35 −0.95   0.23
Ethnicity (ref = Fukianese)
 Hakka 1.03 * 0.42 0.86   0.56 0.74 * 0.37
 Mainlander 1.30 * 0.60 −0.73   0.48 1.26   0.72
Cohort comparison
 Pre-Boomers (ref = Boomers)        −1.73 ** 0.33
  Pre-Boomers × Depressive symptoms        −0.12 ** 0.04
  Pre-Boomers × Mainlander        −1.97 * 0.82
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01