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Table 2 Percentage of population reporting depression in past 12 months across the explanatory variables, World Health Survey 2002–03

From: Physical inactivity and self-reported depression among middle- and older-aged population in South Asia: World health survey

Variables Bangladesh (n = 576, 47.7) India (n = 887, 40.3) Nepal (n = 759, 40.4) Sri Lanka (n = 187, 11.4)
Age
 50–59 46.7 47.8 42.7 46.5
 60–69 29.9 33.2 33.7 29.9
 70+ 23.4 19.0 23.6 23.5
p 0.007 0.389 <0.0001 0.012
Sex
 Female 56.4 52.4 56.1 58.8
 Male 43.6 47.6 43.9 41.2
p <0.0001 0.004 <0.0001 0.032
Currently married
 Yes 37.5 30.1 36.5 38.5
 No 62.5 69.9 63.5 61.5
p <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 0.004
Educational attainment
 Nil 62.7 55.2 88.9 50.8
 primary school 28.6 26.8 7.5 12.8
 Secondary complete 6.6 12.3 3.3 33.7
 Pre-university/University 2.1 5.7 0.3 2.7
p 0.003 0.001 <0.0001 0.059
Job
 Govt. employee 4.9 3.2 1.8 4.8
 Private employee 4.6 6.3 0.7 4.8
 Employer 42.4 32.5 54.4 38.0
 Not working for payment 48.1 58.0 44.1 52.4
p <0.0001 <0.0001 0.002 0.331
Smoking habit
 Daily 59.3 51.8 41.9 71.1
 Yes. not daily 3.5 3.0 6.5 7.0
 Non-smoker 37.2 45.3 51.6 21.9
p 0.615 <0.0001 0.624 0.130
Ever drank alcohol
 Yes 10.9 11.8 38.6 17.1
 No 89.1 88.2 61.4 82.9
p 0.035 0.388 0.157 0.129
Days of moderate physical activity
 0 67.5 27.5 68.1 30.5
 1–2 9.2 5.5 5.9 10.2
 3–4 7.1 7.1 7.1 11.8
 5–6 4.3 13.3 2.6 8.0
 7 11.8 46.6 16.2 39.6
p 0.432 0.383 0.278 <0.0001
Days of vigorous physical activity
 0 43.1 54.8 23.5 62.0
 1–2 14.4 6.0 5.0 11.2
 3–4 10.8 6.2 4.9 9.1
 5–6 8.0 12.4 6.6 6.4
 7 23.8 20.5 60.1 11.2
p <0.0001 0.523 <0.0001 <0.0001