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Table 5 Estimates from logistic regression analyses for making any walking for transportation trip/wk (vs. none)

From: Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking for transportation: A cross-sectional study of older adults living on low income

  Crude    Adjusted
    Model 2b   Model 3c  
  (n = 161)a
OR (95% CI)
P (n = 161)
OR (95% CI)
P (n = 151)
OR (95% CI)
P
Street Smart Walk Score (10-point change) 1.37 (1.18, 1.59)* <0.001 1.37 (1.18, 1.60)* <0.001 1.45 (1.18, 1.78)* <0.001
Women 1.24 (0.58, 2.63) 0.576 1.21 (0.54, 2.72) 0.846 0.97 (0.32, 2.97) 0.571
Age (10-year change) 1.09 (0.60, 1.98) 0.772 0.94 (0.49, 1.80) 0.648 1.29 (0.54, 3.07) 0.963
Vehicle available 0.09 (0.03, 0.28)* <0.001 - - 0.07 (0.02, 0.30)* <0.001
Aestheticsd 1.46 (0.89, 2.40) 0.136 - - 1.15 (0.50, 2.61) 0.746
Comorbiditiese 0.85 (0.72, 1.01) 0.068 - - 0.88 (0.68, 1.14) 0.335
Gait speed (m/s)f 3.61 (0.79, 16.51) 0.098 - - 1.71 (0.10, 29.34) 0.713
Very much like to walkg 4.30 (1.99, 9.30)* <0.001 - - 5.60 (1.68, 18.65)* 0.005
Ambulatory confidenceh 1.17 (0.95, 1.45) 0.134 - - 0.97 (0.68, 1.40) 0.885
Social cohesioni 0.60 (0.34, 1.03) 0.065 - - 0.49 (0.23, 1.05) 0.067
Disorderj 0.36 (0.14, 0.89)* 0.028 - - 0.67 (0.16, 2.73) 0.572
  1. anvehicle available = 159; naesthetics = 160; ncomorbidities = 158; nsocial cohesion = 157; ndisorder = 159
  2. badjusted for Street Smart Walk Score, gender, and age
  3. cadjusted for all predictor variables listed in this table
  4. dNeighbourhood Environment Walkability Scale—abbreviated (NEWS-A) Subscale F: Aesthetics (four-point scale); reverse coded so that higher score indicates better walkability
  5. eTotal number; measured with the Functional Comorbidity Index
  6. fAssessed as part of the 4-m walk (usual pace) component of the Short Physical Performance Battery
  7. gVery much like to walk (5 on a 5-point scale) vs. less than very much liking to walk (1–4 on a 5-point scale)
  8. hAssessed by the Ambulatory Self-Confidence Questionnaire
  9. i5-item measure of social cohesion and trust
  10. j5-item measure of neighbourhood physical and social disorder; reverse coded so that higher score indicates better walkability (less disorder)
  11. *p < 0.05