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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for select characteristics, by gender

From: Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking for transportation: A cross-sectional study of older adults living on low income

Characteristic Men Women Total
n mean (SD) n mean (SD) n mean (SD)
SOCIODEMOGRAPHICS
 Age (yrs) 59 74.2 (6.3) 102 74.4 (6.2) 161 74.3 (6.2)
 Married (%) 59   102   161  
  No   81   97   91
  Yes   19   3   9
 Living arrangement (%) 59   102   161  
  Lives alone   68   88   81
  Lives with others   32   12   19
 Had vehicle at disposal in last 7 days (%) 59   102   161  
  No   41   50   47
  Yes   59   50   53
 Owns a dog (%) 59   102   161  
  No   92   88   89
  Yes   8   12   11
BUILT ENVIRONMENT
 Street Smart Walk Score (/100) 59 71.3 (27.7) 102 71.8 (24.0) 161 71.6 (25.3)
 NEWS-Aa Subscale F: Aesthetics (/4) 58 2.9 (0.8) 102 3.3 (0.6) 160 3.2 (0.7)
 NEWS-Aa Subscale G: Traffic hazards (/4) 57 2.4 0.6) 98 2.4 (0.6) 155 2.4 (0.6)
 NEWS-Aa Subscale H: Crime (/4) 56 3.3 (0.7) 96 3.3 (0.7) 152 3.3 (0.7)
PHYSICAL
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 59 26.9 (4.6) 102 27.0 (5.7) 161 27.0 (5.3)
 Number of comorbiditiesb 57 2.8 (2.0) 101 3.0 (2.2) 158 2.9 (2.1)
 Gait speed (m/s)c 59 1.0 (0.2) 102 1.0 (0.3) 161 1.0 (0.3)
PSYCHOSOCIAL
 Likes to walk outside… (%) 59   102   161  
 Less than very much (1-4 on a 5-point scale)   44   25   31
 Very much (5 on a 5-point scale)   66   75   69
 Ambulatory self-confidence questionnaire (/10) 59 8.6 (1.4) 102 8.2 (1.8) 161 8.4 (1.7)
SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
 Neighbourhood social cohesion and trustd (/5) 56 3.3 (0.8) 101 3.5 (0.7) 157 3.4 (0.7)
 Neighbourhood physical and social disordere (/4) 57 3.4 (0.6) 102 3.5 (0.4) 159 3.5 (0.5)
  1. aNEWS-A = Neighbourhood Environment Walkability Scale – abbreviated; some scales reverse coded so that higher score indicates better walkability
  2. bTotal number; measured with the Functional Comorbidity Index
  3. cAssessed as part of the 4-m walk (usual pace) component of the Short Physical Performance Battery
  4. d5-item measure of social cohesion and trust
  5. e5-item measure of neighbourhood physical and social disorder; reverse coded so that higher score indicates better walkability (less disorder)