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Table 2 Characteristics of long-term care homes (LTCHs) in sample

From: Disability in long-term care residents explained by prevalent geriatric syndromes, not long-term care home characteristics: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic N % Grand Mean (SD) of homes’ ADL LFS means
Full Sample 614 100 15.7 (2.0)
LTCH Size (# beds)
 Small (≤64) 128 20.8 15.4 (2.3)
 Medium (65–128) 248 40.4 15.5 (2.2)
 Large (129–192) 154 25.1 15.7 (2.2)
 Extra-large (≥193) 84 13.7 16.0 (2.0)
Ownership status
 Not-for-profit 228 37.1 15.5 (2.2)*
 For-profit 378 61.6 15.8 (2.1)*
 Missing data 8 1.3 12.1 (2.4)*
Location
 Rural 136 22.2 14.8 (2.1)*
 Sub-urban (census agglomerations) 97 15.8 14.9 (1.92)*
 Urban (census metropolitan areas) 381 62.1 16.0 (2.1)*
Receipt of Rehabilitation Services
 Lowest quartile (Received by ≤74.5% of residents in home) 153 24.9 15.3 (2.2)*
 2nd quartile (Received by >74.5% and ≤86.4% of residents in home) 154 25.1 15.3 (2.3)*
 3rd quartile (Received by >86.4, and ≤94.1% of residents in home) 154 25.1 15.9 (2.2)*
 Highest quartile (Received by >94.7% of residents in home) 153 24.9 15.8 (2.0)*
Restraint use
 Lowest quartile (Homes in which ≤6.0% residents restrained) 153 24.9 15.3 (2.6)*
 2nd quartile (Homes in which >6.0% and ≤13.4% residents restrained) 154 25.1 15.2 (2.0)*
 3rd quartile (Homes in which >13.4% and ≤20.6% residents restrained) 153 24.9 15.5 (2.1)*
 Highest quartile (Homes in which ≥20.6% residents restrained) 154 25.1 16.4 (1.8)*
Median ADL of residents in each home§
 Lowest quartile (Homes whose residents’ median ADL LFS ≤15) 176 28.7 13.2 (1.3)*
 2nd quartile (Homes whose residents median ADL LFS >15, ≤ 17) 180 29.3 15.3 (0.9)*
 3rd quartile (Homes whose residents median ADL LFS >17, < 19) 103 16.8 16.2 (0.9)*
 Highest quartile (Homes whose residents ADL LFS ≥19) 155 25.2 18.2 (1.3)*
  1. *Significant (p <0.05) difference between levels of categorical variable according to ANOVA
  2. §The 614 LTCHs in the sample did not divide into quartiles of even size because of the small range of values for this variable and large number of homes with identical values