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Table 1 Risk factors for stroke among subjects in the normal and WMC/SI groups

From: Higher skeletal muscle mass may protect against ischemic stroke in community-dwelling adults without stroke and dementia: The PRESENT project

  Normal
(N = 613)
WMC/SI
(N = 109)
P value
Mean age, years (SD) 58.5 (7.1) 68 (7.8) 0.000
Men, n (%) 276 (45) 45 (41.3) 0.469
Mean education, years (SD) 9.6 (4.4) 7.5 (5.1) 0.000
Hypertension, n (%) 307 (50.1) 94 (86.2) 0.000
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 103 (16.8) 34 (36.7) 0.000
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%) 199 (32.5) 40 (36.7) 0.387
Current smoking, n (%) 106 (17.3) 19 (17.4) 0972
Mean skeletal muscle mass, kg (SD) 24.4 (9.6) 22.0 (5.0) 0.011
Skeletal muscle mass, Q
 Q1, n (%) 128 (20.9) 46 (42.2)  
 Q2, n (%) 149 (24.3) 33 (30.3)  
 Q3, n (%) 163 (26.2) 17 (15.6)  
 Q4, N (5) 173 (28.2) 13 (11.9)  
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