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Table 4 Comparison of patients not at risk and at risk of malnutrition regarding general and oral parameters

From: Oral Health and nutritional status in nursing home residents—results of an explorative cross-sectional pilot study

Risk factors Nutritional status Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis a
Not at risk of malnutrition (12–14 MNA screening points)
n = 42 (48%)
At risk of malnutrition
(8–11 MNA screening points)
n = 45 (52%)
OR p-value OR p-value
General parameters
Age in years [mean (SD)] 83.1 (9.3) 84.9 (7.3) n.a. 0.33 1.0
(CI95 0.9–1.1)
n.s.
Gender (female) 31 (46%) 37 (54%) 1.1 (CI95 0.4–2.7) 0.81 1.2
(CI95 0.4–3.8)
n.s.
Smoking status (yes) 6 (50%) 6 (50%) 0.9
(CI95 0.3–3.1)
0.86 0.8
(CI95 0.2–3.1)
n.s
Dementia according to medical records (yes) 17 (40%) 31 (60%) 2.5
(CI95 1.1–5.6)
0.03 3.1
(CI95 1.2–8.2)
0.02
Permanently bedridden according to medical records (yes) 1 (2%) 4 (9%) 4.0
(CI95 0.4–37)
0.19 n.a. n.a.
Neuropsychological problems according to MNA No problems 26 (62%) 13 (29%) n.a. <0.0001 n.a. n.a.
Mild dementia 14 (17%) 12 (27%)
Severe dementia or depression 2 (2%) 24 (44%)
Mobility according to the MNA Bed of chair bound 1 (2%) 20 (44%) n.a. <0.0001 n.a. n.a.
Able to get out of bed / chair but does not go out 8 (19%) 9 (20%)
Goes out 33 (79%) 16 (36%)
Body-mass-index kg/m2 [mean (SD)] 27.7 (4.5) 24.7 (5.1) n.a. 0.005 n.a. n.a.
Oral parameters
Edentulous 16 (38%) 25 (56%) 2.0
(CI95 0.8–5.8)
0.1 2.8
(CI95 1.1–7.3)
0.03
Remaining teeth 26 (62%) 20 (44%)
DMF-T (only those with teeth n = 46) 25.6 (2.9) 24.5 (4.3) n.a. 0.34 n.a. n.a.
PSI / PSR score
(n = 37)
max. Score 1 or 2 5 (24%) 3 (19%) 1.3
(CI95 0.4–6.7)
0.71 n.a. n.a.
max. Score 3 or 4 16 (76%) 13 (81%)
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI 95 confidence interval, SD standard deviation, MNA (mini nutritional assessment), n.a. not applicable, n.s. not significant
  2. a Hosmer Lemeshow-test indicated goodness of fit (chi2 0.37) and multicollinearity was excluded