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Table 2 Study characteristics

From: Variation in use of antipsychotic medications in nursing homes in the United States: A systematic review

Author Study Title Journal Study Design Total Pt. # Total NH # Sample Rep.
Bonner AF, Field TS, Lemay CA, et al., 2015 Rationales that providers and family members cited for the use of antipsychotic medications in nursing home residents with dementia Journal of the American Geriatrics Society Qualitative, descriptive 204 26 5 CMS regions:
(III, IV, VIII, IX)
Bowblis JR, Crystal S, Intrator O, et al., 2012 Response to regulatory stringency: the case of antipsychotic medication use in nursing homes Health Economics Retrospective cohort NA 14,743 48 states
Briesacher BA, Limcangco MR, Simoni-Wastila L, et al., 2005 The quality of antipsychotic drug prescribing in nursing homes Archives of Internal Medicine Retrospective cohort 1,096 NA national
Briesacher BA, Tjia J, Field T, et al., 2013 Antipsychotic use among nursing home residents JAMA Retrospective cohort 1,402,039 & 561,681* 5,038 48 states
Castle NG, Hanlon JT, Handler SM, 2009 Results of a longitudinal analysis of national data to examine relationships between organizational and market characteristics and changes in antipsychotic prescribing in US nursing homes from 1996 through 2006 American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy Retrospective cohort NA 15,155 & 17,213** national
Chen Y, Briesacher BA, Field TS, et al., 2010 Unexplained variation across US nursing homes in antipsychotic prescribing rates Archives of Internal Medicine Retrospective cross sectional 16,586 1,257 national
Hughes CM, Lapane KL, Mor V, 2000 Influence of facility characteristics on use of antipsychotic medications in nursing homes Medical Care Cross sectional NA 14,631 national
Huybrechts KF, Rothman KJ, Brookhart MA, et al., 2012 Variation in antipsychotic treatment choice across US nursing homes Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology Retrospective cohort 65,618 5,751 45 states
Kamble P, Chen H, Sherer J, Aparasu RR, 2008 Antipsychotic drug use among elderly nursing home residents in the United States American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy Cross sectional 11,227 1,174 national
Kamble P, Chen H, Sherer J, Aparasu R, 2009 Use of antipsychotics among elderly nursing home residents with dementia in the US: an analysis of National Survey Data Drugs & Aging Cross sectional 6,103 1,174 national
Kamble P, Sherer J, Chen H, Aparasu R, 2010 Off-label use of second-generation antipsychotic agents among elderly nursing home resident. Psychiatric Services Retrospective cross sectional 2,605 1,174 national
Konetzka RT, Brauner DJ, Shega J, et al., 2014 The effects of public reporting on physical restraints and antipsychotic use in nursing home residents with severe cognitive impairment Journal of the American Geriatrics Society Retrospective cohort 809, 645 4,258 6 states:
CA,FL,
IL,NY,
OH,TX
Lester P, Kohen I, Stefanacci RG, Feuerman M, 2011 Antipsychotic drug use since the FDA black box warning: survey of nursing home policies Journal of the American Medical Directors Association Cross sectional (survey) NA 250 national
Lucas JA, Chakravarty S, Bowblis JR, et al., 2014 Antipsychotic medication use in nursing homes: a proposed measure of quality International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Cross sectional 155,095 NA 7 states: CA, FL, GA, IL, NJ, OH, TX
Miller SC, Papandonatos G, Fennell M, Mor V, 2006 Facility and county effects on racial differences in nursing home quality indicators Social Science & Medicine Cross sectional 63,932 408 NY
Pimentel CB, Donovan JL, Field TS, et al., 2015 Use of atypical antipsychotics in nursing homes and pharmaceutical marketing Journal of the American Geriatrics Society Nested mixed-methods, cross-sectional study of NHs in a cluster randomized trial 93 41 CT
Stevenson DG, Decker SL, Dwyer LL, et al., 2010 Antipsychotic and benzodiazepine use among nursing home residents: findings from the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Cross Sectional 12,090 1,174 national
Svarstad BL, Mount JK, Bigelow W, 2001 Variations in the treatment culture of nursing homes and responses to regulations to reduce drug use Psychiatric Services Longitudinal cohort 1,181 16 WI
Tjia J, Field T, Lemay C, et al., 2014 Antipsychotic use in nursing homes varies by psychiatric consultant Medical Care Nested cross sectional study of NHs in a cluster randomized trial NA 60 national
  1. NA not available, NH nursing home, Pt patient
  2. Sample Rep.: sample represented in study
  3. *overall sample and subset observed continuously for at least 90 days
  4. **sample in 1996 and sample in 2006