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Table 3 Frequency of physical restraints

From: The use of physical restraints in long-term care in Spain: a multi-center cross-sectional study

  Cluster-adjusted prevalence (95% CI) ICCC DF
Residents with at least one physical restraint 84.9% (81.7–88.1) 0.124 12.52
Full-enclosure side rails 84.5% (81.1–87.9) 0.137 13.60
Belt in chair 26.9% (23.5–30.3) 0.046 5.23
Belt in bed 9.9% (6.5–13.3) 0.050 5.60
Chair with attached table 6.2% (2.8–9.6) 0.044 5.05
Vest restraint 6.1% (2.7–9.5) 0.045 5.14
Wrist/ankle belt 1.2% (0–4.6) 0.052 5.78
Sleep suits 1.2% (0–4.6) 0.052 5.78
  1. Values are cluster-adjusted percentages and intra-cluster correlation coefficients (ICCC). DF = Design factor