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Table 1 General characteristics of subjects

From: Age-related differences in muscle co-activation during locomotion and their relationship with gait speed: a pilot study

Parameters Young Middle-aged Elderly
(n = 16) (n = 15) (n = 16)
General characteristics
Age (years) 24.27 ± 2.71 53.71 ± 2.52 76.88 ± 3.48
Sex (male/female) 8/7 8/7 7/9
Height (m) 166.53 ± 5.72 164.64 ± 7.95 160.75 ± 6.92
Body weight (kg) 59.53 ± 12.74 64.07 ± 11.38 59.72 ± 10.00
BMI (kg/m2) 21.76 ± 3.20 23.46 ± 2.51 23.59 ± 3.44
Physical function level
SPPB 12.00 ± 0.00 11.93 ± 0.27 10.44 ± 1.15
Cognitive function level
K-MoCA 29.91 ± 0.31 29.81 ± 0.51 25.01 ± 1.71
medical histories (number of subjects)
Hypertension 0 4 9
Asthma 0 0 0
Diabetes 2 3 3
Osteoporosis 0 0 2
Arthritis 0 1 2
Arrhythmia 0 0 1
  1. Values are expressed as the number or mean ± standard deviation
  2. BMI Body mass index, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, K-MoCA Korean version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment