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Table 4 Twelve-week changes in health outcomes and dietary intake of the pilot intervention participants

From: Translation of a tailored nutrition and resistance exercise intervention for elderly people to a real-life setting: adaptation process and pilot study

  N Baseline mean (95% CI) ΔT1-T0mean (95% CI) p-valueb
Strengthc
– 1RM Leg press (kg) 23 137.4 (120.8–154.0) 31.7 (20.6–42.8) 0.000
– 1RM Leg extension (kg) 22 52.6 (44.2–60.9) 17.8 (13.6–22.0) 0.000
Anthropometrics
– Weight (kg) 23 85.1 (79.0–91.3) 0.9 (0.2–1.5) 0.007
– Total lean mass (kg) 23 48.8 (44.7–53.0) –0.1 (–0.6–0.3) 0.447
– Appendicular lean mass (kg) 23 21.4 (19.3–23.4) –0.3 (–0.6–0.0) 0.073
– FFM (kg) 20 52.4 (47.4–57.4) 0.4 (–0.7–1.4) 0.513
– Body mass index 23 29.4 (28.0–30.9) 0.3 (0.1–0.5) 0.009
– Total fat mass (kg) 23 33.2 (29.5–36.9) 0.7 (0.1–1.4) 0.029
SPPB
– Total score 23 9.1 (8.3–9.9) 0.7 (0.0–1.3) 0.047
– 4 m walk (sec) 23 4.1 (3.8–4.4) 0.1 (–0.4–0.5) 0.831
– Repeated chair rise (sec) 18 17.6 (15.2–19.9) –3.6 (–5.8-–1.4) 0.002
TUG (sec) 23 10.6 (9.1–12.2) –1.3 (–1.8-–0.8) 0.000
6MWT (m) 23 384.5 (357.9–411.1) 27.5 (12.8–42.3) 0.002
ADL (total score)d 23 2.8 (2.7–2.9) 0.0 (–0.1 – 0.0) 0.407
Quality of lifee
– MCS 23 57.2 (54.0–60.5) 0.4 (–2.9–3.6) 0.879
– PCS 23 42.9 (38.5–47.3) 2.7 (–0.3–5.8) 0.073
Dietary intake     
– Energy (MJ) 21 7.6 (6.6–8.7) 0.7 (–0.1–1.5) 0.106
– Protein (g) 21 79.9 (67.6–92.3) 23.1 (10.2–36.0) 0.003
– Protein (g/kg-bw/day) 21 0.96 (0.81–1.12) 0.29 (0.13–0.45) 0.002
– Protein breakfast (g) 21 15.1 (11.5–18.6) 9.0 (3.9–14.0) 0.003
– Protein lunch (g)f 21 19.4 (15.8–23.1) 10.5 (6.2–14.7) 0.000
– Protein dinner (g) 21 37.1 (31.7–42.5) –0.7 (–5.0–3.7) 0.986
– Protein (en%) 21 17.8 (15.5–20.2) 3.5 (1.6–5.4) 0.002
– Fat (en%) 21 31.2 (28.2–34.2) 0.6 (–3.5–4.8) 0.715
– Carbohydrates (en%) 21 46.0 (41.9–50.0) –5.9 (–10.1-–1.7) 0.004
  1. aChange between baseline (T0) and follow up (T1)
  2. bWilcoxon signed-rank test
  3. cBaseline score is 1RM estimation, as 1RM confirmation was not documented
  4. dMean of score of basic, instrumental, and mobility ADL, score range 0 (cannot do)–3 (can do completely independently)
  5. eMCS is Mental Component Summary, PCS is Physical Component Summary
  6. fLunch is second bread-meal