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A protective personal factor against disability and dependence in the elderly: an ordinal regression analysis with nine geographically-defined samples from Spain

  • Javier Virues-Ortega1, 2Email authorView ORCID ID profile,
  • Saturio Vega3,
  • Manuel Seijo-Martinez4,
  • Pedro Saz5,
  • Fernanda Rodriguez6,
  • Angel Rodriguez-Laso7,
  • Susana Perez de las Heras8,
  • Raimundo Mateos9,
  • Pablo Martinez-Martin1,
  • Ignacio Mahillo-Fernandez1,
  • Josep Garre-Olmo10,
  • Jordi Gascon11,
  • Francisco Jose Garcia-Garcia12,
  • Manuel Fernandez-Martinez13,
  • Felix Bermejo-Pareja14,
  • Alberto Bergareche15, 16,
  • Julian Benito-Leon14,
  • Jesus de Pedro-Cuesta1 and
  • on behalf of the Spanish Epidemiological Studies on Ageing Group
BMC GeriatricsBMC series – open, inclusive and trusted201717:42

Received: 2 July 2016

Accepted: 31 December 2016

Published: 31 January 2017

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Open Peer Review reports

Pre-publication versions of this article are available by contacting

Original Submission
2 Jul 2016 Submitted Original manuscript
21 Jul 2016 Reviewed Reviewer Report - H Susan J Picavet
26 Aug 2016 Reviewed Reviewer Report - Barbora Silarova
2 Nov 2016 Author responded Author comments - Javier Virues-Ortega
Resubmission - Version 2
2 Nov 2016 Submitted Manuscript version 2
20 Nov 2016 Author responded Author comments - Javier Virues-Ortega
Resubmission - Version 3
20 Nov 2016 Submitted Manuscript version 3
19 Dec 2016 Author responded Author comments - Javier Virues-Ortega
Resubmission - Version 4
19 Dec 2016 Submitted Manuscript version 4
31 Dec 2016 Editorially accepted
31 Jan 2017 Article published 10.1186/s12877-016-0409-9

How does Open Peer Review work?

Open peer review is a system where authors know who the reviewers are, and the reviewers know who the authors are. If the manuscript is accepted, the named reviewer reports are published alongside the article. Pre-publication versions of the article are available by contacting

You can find further information about the peer review system here.

Authors’ Affiliations

National Centre for Epidemiology and CIBERNED, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain
School of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Arévalo Health Centre, Avila, Spain
Neurology Unit, Salnés Hospital, Pontevedra, Spain
Department of Medicine and Psychiatry, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain
Neurology Unit, Segovia Hospital, Segovia, Spain
Madrid Regional Health Authority, Madrid, Spain
Llodio Health Center, Day Medical Center, Oroityu-Getxo-Vizcaya, Spain
Psychiatry Department, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Girona Biomedical Research Institute Institut d’Assistència Sanitària, Salt, Spain
Dementia Diagnosis and Treatment Unit, Neurology Department, Bellvitge University Teaching Hospital, Barcelona, Spain
Geriatrics Unit. Virgen del Valle Geriatric Hospital, Toledo, Spain
Neurology Unit, Virgen del Camino Hospital, Pamplona, Spain
Neurology Department, 12 de Octubre University Teaching Hospital and CIBERNED, Madrid, Spain
Department of Neurology, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián Guipuzcoa, Spain
Biodonostia Research Institute, Area of Neurosciences, and CIBERNED, Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain