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Table 4 Linear regression analyses for spousal caregivers (N = 71), outcome overall subjective burden at follow-up

From: Subjective burden among spousal and adult-child informal caregivers of older adults: results from a longitudinal cohort study

  Univariate results Multivariate resultsa
Spousal caregivers (N = 71) b (se) (95% CI) p b (se) (95% CI) p
Constant      6.531 (1.618) (3.298; 9.764) .000
Covariates
 - Age CG -.066 (.025) (-.115; -.017) .009 -.061 (.019) (-.099; -.022) .003
 - Female CG .118 (.352) (-.584; .820) .738     
 - Informal support available .158 (.392) (-.628; .941) .688     
 - Institutionalized CR 1.780 (.645) (.493; 3.067) .007 .829 (.552) (-.273; 1.931) .138
 - Self-rated health CG -.709 (.195) (-1.099; -.320) .001 -.307 (.181) (-.670; .055) .095
Time investment – hours a week
 - Household care tasks -.001 (.012) (-.025; .022) .917     
 - Personal care tasks -.002 (.019) (-.040; .035) .897     
 - Practical care tasks -.027 (.021) (-.069; .014) .195     
Health situation CR
 - Multimorbidity .270 (.092) (.086; .453) .005 .117 (.082) (-.046; .281) .155
 - Functional limitations .031 (.045) (-.060; .122) .499     
 - Cognitive functioning
  - No problems (ref.)         
  - Some problems .729 (.347) (.038; 1.421) .039 .420 (.281) (-.142; .982) .140
  - Severe problems 1.519 (.857) (-.192; 3.230) .081 1.031 (.670) (-.307; 2.369) .129
Subjective burden at baseline .632 (.115) (.403; .861) .000 .410 (.120) (.170; .650) .001
Adjusted R2      .445    
  1. Bold estimates are significant with p < .05
  2. CG caregiver, CR care recipient, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  3. aIf subjective burden at baseline is excluded from the multivariate model, significant estimates are age CG (b -.069, se .021, 95% CI -.111; -.028, p .001), institutionalized CR (b 1.151, se .587, 95% CI -.022; 2.324, p .054), and self-rated health CG (b -.592, se .174, 95% CI -.939; -.244, p .001)