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Table 1 Baseline study population characteristics

From: Subjective burden among spousal and adult-child informal caregivers of older adults: results from a longitudinal cohort study

  All caregivers (N = 356) Spousal caregivers (N = 154) Adult-child caregivers (N = 202)  
Mean (± SD)/N (%) Mean (± SD)/N (%) Mean (± SD)/N (%) p
Age CG (40–88) 63.2 (±11.4) 73.3 (± 6.8) 55.4 (± 7.3) .000
Female CG (N, %) 243 (68%) 90 (58%) 153 (76%) .001
Type of care relationship (N, %)
 - Spousal CG 154 (43%)    
 - Adult-child CG 202 (57%)    
Informal support available (N, %) 124 (35%) 41 (27%) 83 (41%) .005
Institutionalized CR (N, %) 140 (39%) 14 (9%) 126 (62%) .000
Self-rated health CG (0–3) 1.2 (±1.0) .9 (±.9) 1.3 (±1.0) .000
Time investment – hours a weeka
 - Household care tasks (0–84) 4.0 (0–12) 12.0 (4–21) 1.5 (0–4) .000
 - Personal care tasks (0–70) 0.0 (0–1) 0.0 (0–4) 0.0 (0–0) .000
 - Practical care tasks (0–56) 2.0 (1–5) 3.0 (1–10) 2.0 (1–4) .079
Health situation CR
 - Multimorbidity (0–12) 3.4 (± 2.0) 3.0 (± 1.8) 3.6 (± 2.0) .002
 - Functional limitations (0–15) 6.1 (± 4.1) 4.9 (± 4.2) 7.1 (± 3.9) .000
 - Cognitive functioning (N, %)
  - No problems 157 (44%) 74 (48%) 83 (41%) .040
  - Some problems 159 (45%) 70 (46%) 89 (44%)
  - Severe problems 40 (11%) 10 (7%) 30 (15%)
Subjective burden
 - Overall subjective burden (0–10) 3.9 (±1.7) 4.4 (± 1.5) 3.6 (± 1.7) .000
 - Fulfilment (a lot) 208 (58%) 90 (58%) 118 (58%) .996
 - Relational problems (some/a lot) 126 (35%) 57 (37%) 69 (34%) .577
 - Mental health problems (some/a lot) 149 (42%) 77 (50%) 72 (36%) .007
 - Daily activities problems (some/a lot) 158 (44%) 78 (51%) 80 (40%) .038
 - Financial problems (some/a lot) 22 (6%) 13 (8%) 9 (5%) .122
 - Perceived social support (some/a lot) 229 (64%) 89 (58%) 140 (69%) .025
 - Physical health problems (some/a lot) 177 (50%) 98 (64%) 79 (39%) .000
  1. CG caregiver, CR care recipient
  2. aMedian (interquartile range)