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Table 1 Characteristics of participants at baseline

From: Lower-extremity resistance training on unstable surfaces improves proxies of muscle strength, power and balance in healthy older adults: a randomised control trial

Characteristic M-SRT (n = 27) M-URT (n = 26) F-URT (n = 22) Baseline difference
M SD M SD M SD p-value
Age (years) 71.3 4.1 70.0 4.4 69.8 4.3 .409
Body height (cm) 170.1 8.3 172.9 8.6 169.8 7.4 .408
Body mass (kg) 76.7 15.7 77.7 13.1 74.7 13.0 .756
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.9 3.7 25.9 3.4 25.8 3.8 .952
Sex (f/m) 17/10 13 / 13 13 / 9  
Physical activity (h/week) 9.3 4.7 10.5 8.4 9.8 5.0 .820
MMSE 28.4 1.3 28.5 1.1 27.9 1.4 .275
CDT all participants were classified as non-pathological
GDS 1.2 0.2 0.7 0.2 1.1 0.2 .127
FAB_D 16.0 1.8 16.2 1.9 16.6 1.4 .550
  1. M-SRT machine based resistance training on stable surfaces; M-URT machine based resistance training on unstable surfaces; F-URT free-weight resistance training on unstable surfaces; M mean; SD standard deviation; f female; m male; MMSE Mini Mental State Examination; CDT Clock Drawing Test; GDS Geriatric Depression Scale; FAB_D Frontal Assessment Battery, German Version