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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the control and intervention group

From: Cost-utility of medication withdrawal in older fallers: results from the improving medication prescribing to reduce risk of FALLs (IMPROveFALL) trial

  Control
n = 293
Intervention
n = 319
Demographics
 Age (year) 76.4 ± 6.6 76.5 ± 7.2
 Female gender 182 (62) 198 (62)
 MMSE 27.0 ± 2.4 27.0 ± 2.3
 BMI (m2/kg) 27.6 ± 4.7 27.6 ± 4.6
Fall risk factors
 Charlson Comorbidity Index 1.9 ± 1.6 1.9 ± 1.6
 Number of drugs 6.4 ± 3.3 6.3 ± 3.3
 Number of FRIDs 3.9 ± 2.0 3.9 ± 2.1
 History of recurrent falls 128 (44) 148 (46)
 Smoking 37 (13) 34 (11)
 Alcohol intake (≥3 units/day) 33 (11) 34 (11)
Functional status
 Home care 69 (24) 82 (26)
 Activities of Daily Living 0.80 ± 4.5 0.80 ± 3.3
 Instrumental Activities of Daily Living 1.39 ± 5.4 1.37 ± 4.0
  1. Continuous data are shown as mean values ± standard deviation, categorical data as number with percentage
  2. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, BMI Body Mass Index, FRID Fall-Risk Increasing Drugs