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Table 2 Factors associated with depression in people with and without stroke

From: The prevalence of stroke and depression and factors associated with depression in elderly people with and without stroke

  No stroke Stroke
  No depression n = 5028 (%) Depression n = 645 (%) PR (95 % CI) No depression n = 331 (%) Depression n = 94 (%) PR (95 % CI)
Women 2716 (54.0) 361 (56.0) 1.07 (0.93–1.24) 142 (42.9) 48 (51.1) 1.29 (0.90–1.85)
Finnish 2210 (44.0) 288 (44.7) 1.03 (0.89–1.19) 99 (29.9) 36 (38.3) 1.33 (0.92–1.90)
Urban 1539 (30.6) 235 (36.4) 1.26 (1.08–1.46) 94 (28.4) 25 (26.6) 0.93 (0.61–1.37)
MI 297 (6.1) 56 (9.0) 1.44 (1.11–1.83) 64 (24.0) 22 (27.8) 1.17 (0.74–1.76)
Cancer 627 (12.7) 108 (17.2) 1.37 (1.12–1.65) 65 (22.0) 14 (16.7) 0.76 (0.43–1.23)a
Diabetes 548 (11.2) 108 (17.6) 1.59 (1.30–1.91) 46 (16.0) 19 (24.1) 1.47 (0.92–2.23)
Dep. P-ADL 248 (5.0) 59 (9.2) 1.76 (1.37–2.22) 34 (10.3) 26 (28.0) 2.35 (1.60–3.32)
Dep. I-ADL 1392 (28.8) 268 (43.2) 1.74 (1.50–2.01) 173 (54.2) 57 (62.6) 1.31 (0.91–1.94)
Imp. vision 80 (1.6) 22 (3.4) 1.93 (1.28–2.73) 11 (3.3) 8 (8.6) 2.00 (1.02–3.21)
Imp. hearing 59 (1.2) 14 (2.2) 1.71 (1.00–2.62) 7 (2.1) 1 (1.1) 0.56 (0.03–2.05)
Weight loss 246 (4.9) 48 (7.6) 1.48 (1.11–1.91) 24 (7.3) 8 (8.8) 1.17 (0.56–2.02)
Lives alone 1175 (23.6) 255 (39.9) 1.95 (1.68–2.25) 92 (28.3) 37 (39.4) 1.46 (1.01–2.08)
No one to talk to 86 (1.7) 58 (9.1) 3.79 (3.02–4.64) 12 (3.7) 9 (9.6) 2.01 (1.07–3.16)a
University ed. 744 (15.1) 84 (13.3) 0.87 (0.70–1.08) 38 (11.8) 11 (12.0) 1.01 (0.54–1.67)
Poor finances 224 (4.7) 96 (15.5) 2.89 (2.38–3.46) 30 (9.7) 16 (18.6) 1.74 (1.06–2.63)a
Pain problem 3207 (65.0) 487 (77.2) 1.71 (1.44–2.05) 227 (70.5) 75 (81.5) 1.64 (1.04–2.75)
Life crisis 1949 (39.6) 402 (63.1) 2.33 (2.01–2.72) 168 (51.5) 62 (66.7) 1.64 (1.13–2.45)
Age 70.3 ± 5.4 71.3 ± 5.8 1.03 (1.02–1.04) 72.3 ± 5.7 72.7 ± 5.9 1.01 (0.98–1.04)
  1. PR prevalence ratio, CI confidence interval, MI myocardial infarction, Dep. P-ADL dependence in personal activities of daily living, Dep. I-ADL, dependence in instrumental activities of daily living, Imp. vision impaired vision, Imp. hearing impaired hearing, University ed. University educated. Denominators for proportions may vary due to missing values. Associations were estimated as prevalence ratios, using univariate log-binomial regression analyses
  2. aHaving had a stroke significantly affected the association between depression and the variable in an interaction analysis performed on the whole sample
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