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Table 4 Chronic illness prevalence by age group, gender, and country

From: Multimorbidity, health and aging in Canada and Australia: a tale of two countries

Chronic condition Women Men Women Men
Canada (%) Australia (%) Canada (%) Australia (%) Canada (%) Australia (%) Canada (%) Australia (%)
  45 to 54 55 to 64
Arthritis & Osteoporosis 1130 (19.0 +/- .01) 211 (22.4 +/- .03)* 799 (13.5 +/- .01) 133 (14.5 +/- .02) 1986 (42.9 +/- .01) 355 (43.0 +/- .03) 979 (21.9 +/- .01) 289 (36.6 +/- .03)*
Asthma 571 (9.6 +/- .01) 146 (15.6 +/- .02)* 287 (4.9 +/- .01) 92 (10.1 +/- .02)* 425 (9.2 +/- .01) 129 (16.5 +/- .03)* 224 (5.0 +/- .01) 74 (9.8 +/- .02)*
Blood Pressure 955 (16.0 +/- .01) 209 (22.0 +/- .03)* 1058 (17.9 +/- .01) 173 (18.8 +/- .03) 1455 (31.4 +/- .01) 343 (41.8 +/- .03)* 1445 (32.3 +/- .01) 297 (37.5 +/- .03)*
Bronchitis & Emphysema 272 (4.6 +/- .01) 32 (3.5 +/- .01) 119 (2.0 +/- .00) 15 (1.7 +/- .01) 261 (5.6 +/- .01) 40 (5.2 +/- .02) 160 (3.6 +/- .01) 50 (6.7 +/- .02)*
Cancer 93 (1.6 +/- .00) 45 (4.9 +/- .01)* 102 (1.7 +/- .00) 31 (3.4 +/- .01)* 112 (2.4 +/- .00) 61 (7.9 +/- .02)* 117 (2.6 +/- .00) 81 (10.9 +/- .02)*
Diabetes 380 (6.4 +/- .01) 50 (5.4 +/- .01) 373 (6.3 +/- .01) 53 (5.8 +/- .02) 459 (9.9 +/- .01) 67 (8.6 +/- .02) 595 (13.3 +/- .01) 103 (13.6 +/- .02)
Heart Disease 240 (4.0 +/- .00) 36 (3.9 +/- .01) 368 (6.2 +/- .01) 41 (4.5 +/- .01)* 303 (6.5 +/- .01) 54 (6.9 +/- .02) 536 (12.0 +/- .01) 106 (13.8 +/- .02)
  65 to 74 75+
Arthritis & Osteoporosis 1619 (56.9 +/- .02) 318 (61.3 +/- .04) 886 (34.0 +/- .02) 191 (38.5 +/- .04) 1695 (65.7 +/- .02) 284 (70.5 +/- .04) 770 (41.5 +/- .02) 179 (55.1 +/- .05)*
Asthma 261 (9.2 +/- .01) 102 (20.9 +/- .04)* 168 (6.5 +/- .01) 49 (10.4 +/- .03)* 231 (9.0 +/- .01) 63 (17.5 +/- .04)* 137 (7.4 +/- .01) 36 (11.8 +/- .04)*
Blood Pressure 1371 (48.2 +/- .02) 281 (54.0 +/- .04)* 1170 (44.9 +/- .02) 207 (42.2 +/- .04) 1522 (59.0 +/- .02) 260 (64.8 +/- .05)* 892 (48.1 +/- .02) 162 (50.8 +/- .05)
Bronchitis & Emphysema 202 (7.1 +/- .01) 37 (7.7 +/- .02) 146 (5.6 +/- .01) 34 (7.2 +/- .02) 198 (7.7 +/- .01) 19 (5.3 +/- .02) 131 (7.1 +/- .01) 31 (10.3 +/- .03)*
Cancer 127 (4.5 +/- .01) 57 (11.9 +/- .03)* 150 (5.8 +/- .01) 74 (15.4 +/- .03)* 110 (4.3 +/- .01) 65 (18.0 +/- .04)* 151 (8.1 +/- .01) 63 (20.5 +/- .05)*
Diabetes 438 (15.4 +/- .01) 60 (12.6 +/- .03) 552 (20.0 +/- .02) 94 (19.6 +/- .04) 377 (14.6 +/- .01) 64 (17.4 +/- .04) 366 (19.7 +/- .02) 51 (16.5 +/- .04)
Heart Disease 379 (13.3 +/- .01) 79 (16.3 +/- .03) 577 (22.2 +/- .02) 81 (16.9 +/- .03)* 649 (25.1 +/- .02) 112 (29.6 +/- .05) 624 (33.6 +/- .02) 99 (31.5 +/- .05)
  1. Notes. The frequency of conditions in each age-sex-country subgroup is provided, as well as the percent and 95 % confidence interval in parentheses
  2. *p < .05 determined by Chi-square tests of differences between countries within each age-sex subgroup