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Table 2 Frequencies for Canadian CCHS Survey (n = 30,865) and Australian HILDA survey (n = 5532), weighted and rescaled to sample size

From: Multimorbidity, health and aging in Canada and Australia: a tale of two countries

Interval scales Range Mean Standard deviation
Canada Australia Canada Australia Canada Australia
Multimorbidity additive scalea 0 to 7 0 to 7 1.03 1.10* 1.12 1.19
Loneliness 3 to 9 1 to 7 3.77 2.55* 1.33 1.78
Life Satisfaction 0 to 10 0 to 10 7.97 7.95 1.72 1.49
Dichotomous variables Categories Frequency (%)
Canada (n = 30,865) Australia (n = 5532)
Gender Female 16,021 (51.9) 2882 (52.1)
Male 14,844 (48.1) 2650 (47.9)
Marital status Single/Widowed/Divorced/Sep. 8109 (26.3) 1481 (26.8)
Married/Common-law 22,756 (73.7) 4051 (73.2)
Foreign born status* Foreign born - Canada/Australia 7734 (25.1) 1683 (30.4)
Native born - Canada/Australia 23,131 (74.9) 3850 (69.6)
Education level* Secondary or less 12,909 (41.8) 2566 (46.4)
More than secondary 17,956 (58.2) 2966 (53.6)
Self-rated health* Poor/Fair 4907 (15.9) 1293 (23.4)
Excellent/Very good/Good 25,958 (84.1) 4239 (76.6)
Hospital stays in last year* No 28,166 (91.3) 4720 (85.3)
Yes 2699 (8.7) 812 (14.7)
Mobility limitation* No 29,204 (94.6) 5314 (96.1)
Yes 1661 (5.4) 219 (3.9)
  1. Notes. aThe multimorbidity additive scale for Australia includes (n = 4832) valid cases due to missing
  2. * p < .05 determined by Chi-square or t-tests of differences between countries