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Table 1 Summary of included cohort studies, with outcomes included in review categorised using ICF frameworka

From: A critical review of the long-term disability outcomes following hip fracture

Author, year Country N (hip fracture) Recruitment Activity Participation Health condition Accomm QOL Mortality
Mobility Basic ADL Self care IADLs Domestic Community
Relative to non-fracture group
 Autier 2000 [18]b Belgium 170 1995–1996         Yes   Yes
 Boonen 2004 [19]b Belgium 170 1995–1996 Yes Yes      Yes   Yes Yes
 Cumming 1996 [20] Australia 131 1990–1992         Yes   Yes
 Magaziner 2003c [21] USA 594 1990–1991 Yes   Yes        
 Marottoli 1992d, e [16] USA 120 1982–1988 Yes   Yes        Yes
 Norton 2000 [22] New Zealand 911 1991–1994 Yes Yes         
 Tosteson 2001 [23] USA 67 NR Yes Yes         
 Wolinsky 1997e [17] USA 368 1984–1991 Yes Yes   Yes Yes      Yes
Population-based cohorts
 Bentler 2009 [14] USA 495 1993–2005 Yes Yes   Yes    Yes    Yes
 Marottoli 1994d [15] USA 120 1982–1988         Yes   Yes
No comparison group
 Abimanyi-Ochom 2015 [30] Australia 224 2009–2012          Yes  
 Beaupre 2005 [50]f Canada 919 1999–2000 & 1996–1997   Yes       Yes   Yes
 Beaupre 2007 [48]f Canada 451 1999–2000 Yes Yes Yes        Yes
 Borgquist 1990 [31] Sweden 103 1976–1977 Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes
 Borgquist 1991 [32] Sweden 837 1986–1988 Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes
 Borgström 2013 [33] International 1273 2003, 2007–2010          Yes  
 Crotty 2000 [49] Australia 215 1998–1999 Yes Yes       Yes   Yes
 Doshi 2014 [61] Singapore 219 2011–NR   Yes         Yes
   Givens 2008 [52] USA 126 NR Yes Yes       Yes   Yes
 Griffin 2015 [46] UK 741 2012–2014 Yes         Yes Yes
 Holt 2008 [62] Scotland 16380 1998–2005 Yes         Yes Yes
 Keene 1993 [41] UK 1000 1989–1992 Yes     Yes     Yes Yes
 Kitamura 1998 [34]g Japan 1169 1992 Yes Yes Yes      Yes   Yes
 Tsuboi 2007 [35]g Japan 963 1992 Yes        Yes   Yes
 Koval 1998 [44] USA 631 1987–1995 Yes          Yes
 Koval 1998 [51] USA 398 1988–1990   Yes   Yes       Yes
 Magaziner 1990 [42] USA 760 1984–1986 Yes Yes   Yes       Yes
 Magaziner 2000c [43] USA 674 1990–1991 Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes Yes    Yes
 Miller 2009 [40] USA 205 1992–1995   Yes     Yes     
 Morin 2012 [24] Canada 12139 1986–2006         Yes   
 Neuman 2014 [28] USA 60111 2005–2007 Yes Yes     Yes     Yes
 Osnes 2004 [25] Norway 1002 1996–1997 Yes Yes       Yes   
 Pereira 2010 [39] Brazil 246 2001 Yes          Yes
 Pitto 1994 [29] Italy 143 1985–1987    Yes     Yes    Yes
 Samuelsson 2009 [45] Sweden 2134 2003 Yes Yes       Yes   Yes
 Shah 2001 [47] USA 850 1987–1996 Yes Yes   Yes     Yes   Yes
 Ström 2008 [36] Sweden 283 NR          Yes  
 Suriyawongpaisal 2003 [26] Thailand 250 NR Yes   Yes       Yes  
 Vergara 2014 [38] Spain 638 NR   Yes   Yes       
 Vochteloo 2013 [37] Netherlands 390 2008–2009 Yes          Yes
 Wang 2015 [12] China 1151 2008–2012    Yes        Yes
 Wong 2002 [27] Singapore 274 1991–1993 Yes          Yes
  1. aYes indicates how the study outcomes are categorised according to the ICF framework
  2. b, c, d, f, g indicates hip fracture patients from same cohort
  3. ePopulation-based cohort study with comparison to non-fracture group
  4. Accomm accommodations, ADL activities of daily living, IADL instrumental activities of daily living, ICF International Classification of Functioning, NR not reported, QOL quality of life