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Table 5 Vulnerability (VES-13) status of medical patients aged 70+ years according to latent class

From: A profile of four patterns of vulnerability to functional decline in older general medicine patients in Victoria, Australia: a cross sectional survey

VES criteria Class 1 elders with higher physical functioning (n, %) Class 2 ambulant elders with diminished physical strength (n, %) Class 3 impaired mobility, strength and ability to stoop (n, %) Class 4: extensive physical impairment - may have difficulty even reaching for or handling objects (n, %) X 2 (p) Cramer’s V
Total VES-13 score      192.514 (<.001) .605
 Vulnerable (VES ≥3/10) 62 (54.4) 23 (95.8) 265 (99.3) 121 (100)   
 Not vulnerable (VES <3/10) 52 (45.6) 1 (4.2) 2 (0.7) 0 (0)