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Table 4 Prescribed analgesics – descriptive statistics and group differences

From: Pain treatment for nursing home residents differs according to cognitive state – a cross-sectional study

Prescribed analgesics
  Descriptive statistics Group differences
Groups All CUSa CI-Vb CI-NVc CUS vs. CI-V CUS vs. CI-NV CI-V vs. CI-NV
      Diff % (±FR) Diff % (±FR) Diff % (±FR)
Sum of analgesics (PP and PRN) (Mean ± SD) 2.11 ± 1.64 2.32 ± 1.63 1.90 ± 1.62 1.66 ± 1.61 0.4 (±0.35) * 0.7 (±0.45) ** 0.3 (±0.5) n.s.
At least one analgesic (PP and PRN) (%) 83.0 87.0 78.3 76.6 −8.7 (±8.7) * −10,4 (±11.2) * −1.7 (±12.8) n.s.
At least one analgesic (PP) (%) 52.0 58.0 48.7 36.0 9.3 (±11.0) n.s. 22.0 (±13.4) ** 12.7 (±15.0) n.s.
At least one analgesic (PRN) (%) 68.8 72.3 64.3 64.1 −8.0 (±10.4) n.s. −8.2 (±13.1) n.s. −0.2 % (14.7) n.s.
  1. **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05, n.s. not significant, Diff Group difference, FR Fluctuation range of 95 % confidence interval
  2. a cognitively unimpaired/slightly impaired, b cognitively moderately to severely impaired, verbally communicating, c cognitively moderately to severely impaired, not verbally communicating